Streptococcus troglodytae
Description is based on API ZYM, API 50CH, and Rapid ID 32 STREP results.

Positive results for esculin hydrolysis, esterase, esterase lipase, leucine arylamidase, valine arylamidase, cysteine arylamidase, acid
phosphatase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucosidase, urease, Voges-Proskauer test, acid production from: N-acetylglucosamine,
arbutin, cellobiose, D-fructose, D-galactose, D-glucose, glycerol (weak reaction), lactose, D-mannose, mannitol, maltose, melibiose,
melezitose (weak reaction), raffinose, salicin, sorbitol, sucrose, D-tagatose, turanose (weak reaction) & trehalose.

Negative results for arginine hydrolysis, catalase,  lipase, trypsin, chymotrypsin, alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase,
beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, alpha-mannosidase, alpha-fucosidase, acid production from: D-adonitol,
amygdalin, D- or L-arabinose, D- or L-arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, gluconate, glycogen, gentiobiose, inositol, inulin,  
methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside, methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside, methyl beta-D-xylopyranoside, 2- or 5-ketogluconate, D-lyxose,
L-rhamnose, D-ribose, L-sorbose, starch, xylitol & D- or L-xylose.

Alkaline phosphatase is positive in API ZYM and negative in API Rapid ID 32 Strep.
Taxonomy
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Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Streptococcaceae, Genus Streptococcus, Streptococcus troglodytae
Okamato et al. 2013.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.5-0.7 μm in diameter, occurring in pairs and short chains.
Nonspore-forming.
Colonies are white, alpha-haemolytic and 0.7-1.0 mm in diameter after incubation on
blood agar at 37 ºC for 24 hours. On Mitis-Salivarius agar, colonies are small, dark
blue and crinkled. Facultatively anaerobic.
Produce an extracellular polysaccharide.
Isolated from the oral cavity of chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes), Kyoto University. Resistant to to bacitracin (0.2 units/ml).
Undetermined.
  1. Masaaki Okamoto,  Susumu Imai,  Mayu Miyanohara,  Wataru Saito,  Yasuko Momoi,  Tomoko Abo,  Yoshiaki Nomura,  Tomoko
    Ikawa,  Takumi Ogawa,  Takako Miyabe-Nishiwaki,  Akihisa Kaneko,  Akino Watanabe,  Shohei Watanabe,  Misato Hayashi,  
    Masaki Tomonaga, Nobuhiro Hanada. Streptococcus troglodytae sp. nov., from the chimpanzee oral cavity. Int J Syst Evol
    Microbiol, February 2013 63: 418-422.
(c) Costin Stoica
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