1. Chang C, Chen Y, Lee T, Chang Y and Yu B, 2015. Lactobacillus formosensis sp. nov., a lactic acid bacterium isolated from
    fermented soybean meal. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 65, 101-106.
  2. Zheng J, Wittouck S, Salvetti E, Franz MAP et al., 2020. A taxonomic note on the genus Lactobacillus: Description of 23 novel
    genera, emended description of the genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, and union of Lactobacillaceae and Leuconostocaceae.
    Int J Syst Microbiol. 70, 2782-2858.
Lactobacillus formosensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Lactobacillaceae, Genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus formosensis
Chang, Chen, Lee, Chang and Yu  2015.

Homotypic synonym:
Companilactobacillus formosensis (Chang et al. 2015) Zheng et al. 2020.
Gram-positive rods.
Grows well anaerobically at 37 ºC on MRS agar. Facultative anaerobe. Grows at 20-45
ºC (
37 ºC optimum). Can grow at pH 4.0 and in 12% NaCl media.
Isolated from fermented soybean meal.
Undetermined.
Homofermentative.
Description is based mostly on API 50 CHL
and API ZYM (bioMerieux) results.

Positive results for acid phosphatase, esterase (C4), alpha- and beta-glucosidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-
beta-glucosaminidase, valine aminopeptidase, cysteine aminopeptidase, leucine aminopeptidase,
acid production from amygdalin,
arbutin, cellobiose, esculin, D-fructose, galactose, gentiobiose, glucose (without gas production), lactose, maltose, mannose, methyl
alpha-D-glucopyranoside, raffinose, salicin, sucrose, turanose,
and trehalose.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, alpha-arabinosidase, catalase, esterase lipase (C8), lipase (C14), trypsin, alpha-
galactosidase, alpha-fucosidase, alpha-manosidase, acid production from adonitol, L- and D-arabinose, D- and L-arabitol, dulcitol,
erythritol, D- and L-fucose, gluconate, 2-ketogluconate, glycerol, glycogen inositol, inulin, D-lyxose, mannitol, melibiose, melezitose,
methyl alpha-D-xyloside, methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside,  rhamnose, ribose, starch, L-sorbose, sorbitol, D-tagatose, methyl beta-
D-xylopyranoside, xylitol, D- and L-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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