(c) Costin Stoica
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Jeotgalicoccus, Jeotgalicoccus marinus Chen
et al. 2009.
Species description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.7-1.1 μm in diameter, occuring singly or in pairs, tetrads or
groups. Non-motile. Non-spore-forming. No flagella.
Colonies on Marine Agar are creamy-white, circular, somewhat convex and non-
translucent, glistening surfaces, entire margins and are 2-3 mm in diameter after 3–5
days incubation at 28 ºC. Growth occurs at 10-45 ºC (optimally at 25-30 ºC). Optimal
pH for growth is 7.0-8.0 (range 6-10). Optimal growth in 5-10% NaCl (range 0.5-
25.0% NaCl). Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from a sea urchin (Hemicentrotus pulcherrimus) in the South China Sea. Susceptible to ampicillin, carbenicillin, gentamicin,
kanamycin, lincomycin, novobiocin and rifampicin. Resistant to chloramphenicol, nalidixic acid, polymyxin B, streptomycin and
- Yi-Guang Chen, Yu-Qin Zhang, Jin-Xiao Shi, Huai-Dong Xiao, Shu-Kun Tang, Zhu-Xiang Liu, Ke Huang, Xiao-Long Cui, Wen-Jun
Li. Jeotgalicoccus marinus sp. nov., a marine bacterium isolated from a sea urchin. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, July 2009 59: 1625-
Positive results for acid phosphatase, catalase, alpha-chymotrypsin, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), naphthol-AS-BI-
phosphohydrolase, methyl red test, oxidase, trypsinase, valine arylamidase, Voges-Proskauer test, acid production from:
N-acetylglucosamine, L-arabinose, cellobiose, D-fructose, D-galactose, D-glucose, glycerol, maltose, D-mannitol, D-mannose,
L-rhamnose, salicin, D-sorbitol & xylitol.
Negative results for aesculin hydrolysis, alkaline phosphatase, casein hydrolysis, cystine arylamidase, alpha-fucosidase, alpha- and
beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, H2S production, indole
production, lipase (C14), leucine arylamidase, lysine decarboxylase, alpha-mannosidase, ornithine decarboxylase, phenylalanine
deaminase, gelatin hydrolysis, nitrate reduction, starch hydrolysis, Tween 20, 40, 60 and 80 hydrolysis, urease, xanthine and
hypoxanthine hydrolysis, acid production from ribose.