Salinicoccus alkaliphilus
(c) Costin Stoica
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Salinicoccus, Salinicoccus alkaliphilus Zhang
et al. 2002.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.5-0.8 μm, occuring singly or in pairs, tetrads or clumps. Non-
motile. Non-spore-forming.
Colonies are round, smooth, and slightly convex with pinkish color and non-diffusible
pigment. Alkaliphilic; growth occurs at pH 6.5-11.5; optimum at pH 9.5. Moderately
halophilic; growth occurs in media containing 0-25% NaCl; optimum 10% NaCl.
Growth at 10-49 ºC; optimal growth at 32 ºC.
Isolated from Baer Soda Lake in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China.
Undetermined.
  1. Weizhou Zhang,  Yanfen Xue,  Yanhe Ma,  Peijin Zhou,  Antonio Ventosa, William D Grant: Salinicoccus alkaliphilus sp. nov., a
    novel alkaliphile and moderate halophile from Baer Soda Lake in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. Int J Syst Evol
    Microbiol, May 2002 52: 789-793.
  2. Mi-Ja Jung,  Min-Soo Kim,  Seong Woon Roh,  Kee-Sun Shin, Jin-Woo Bae: Salinicoccus carnicancri sp. nov., a halophilic
    bacterium isolated from a Korean fermented seafood. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, March 2010 60: 653-658.
Positive results for aesculin hydrolysis, catalase, nitrate reduction, oxidase, urease,
acid production from D-glucose, D-mannitol & trehalose.
Can utilize as sole carbon and energy sources: adonitol, D-arabinose, dulcitol,
creatinine, esculin, lactose, D-fructose, erythritol, inulin, meso-erythritol, D-melibiose,  D-mannose, D-sorbitol, stachyose, ribose,
mannitol, D-galactose, D-cellobiose, glycogen, alpha-L-rhamnose, sorbose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for casein hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, H
2S production, indole production, methyl red, starch hydrolysis, Tween 80,
60 and 20 hydrolysis, Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: D-arabinose, maltose, galactose, fructose, sucrose, glycerol &
D-xylose.
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