Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Order Actinomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterineae, Family Mycobacteriaceae, Genus
Mycobacterium, Mycobacterium fluoranthenivorans Hormisch et al. 2006.
Acid-alcohol-fast rods, 2 x 1 μm. Gram-positive. Non-motile.
Non-chromogenic. Grows rapidly within a temperature range of 20-37 ºC, but does
not grow at 42 ºC.
Isolated from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbonpolluted soil from a former coal gas plant in Saarbruecken-Burbach, Germany.
Metabolizes fluoranthene but not other polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.
- Hormisch D, Brost I, Kohring GW, Giffhorn F, Kroppenstedt RM, Stackebrandt E, Farber P, Holzapfel WH. Mycobacterium
fluoranthenivorans sp. nov., a fluoranthene and aflatoxin B1 degrading bacterium from contaminated soil of a former coal gas
plant. Syst Appl Microbiol 2004; 27:653-660.
- John G. Magee and Alan C. Ward 2012. Family III. Mycobacteriaceae Chester 1897, 63AL in Bergey’s Manual of Systematic
Bacteriology, Volume Five The Actinobacteria, Part A, Michael Goodfellow & al. (editors), 312-375.
Positive results for catalase.
Can utilize as sole carbon source: N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, D-glucosaminic acid, gluconate, D-sucrose, D-turanose, L-rhamnose, D-
ribose, D-arabitol,citrate, 2-oxoglutarate, glutarate, succinate, L-alanine, L-aspartate, L-leucine, L-proline, L-valine, putrescine,
acetamide, phenyl acetic acid, benzoate, 4-amino-benzoate, 4-hydroxy-benzoate, quinate, p-nitrophenyl-phosphoryl-choline. myo-
inositol, mannitol, sorbitol, trehalose, and xylose.
Negative results for nitrate reduction, Tween 80 hydrolysis, and urease.
(c) Costin Stoica