- Schuster JA, Klingl A, Vogel RF, Ehrmann MA, 2019. Polyphasic characterization of two novel Lactobacillus spp. isolated from
blown salami packages: Description of Lactobacillus halodurans sp. nov. and Lactobacillus salsicarnum sp. nov. Syst Appl
Microbiol 42, 126023.
- Zheng J, Wittouck S, Salvetti E, Franz MAP et al., 2020. A taxonomic note on the genus Lactobacillus: Description of 23 novel
genera, emended description of the genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, and union of Lactobacillaceae and Leuconostocaceae.
Int J Syst Microbiol. 70, 2782-2858.
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Lactobacillaceae, Genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus salsicarnum
Schuster, Klingl, Vogel and Ehrmann, 2019.
Homotypic synonym: Companilactobacillus salsicarnum (Schuster et al. 2019) Zheng et al. 2020.
Gram-positive short rods or coccoid cells, 0.5-1 / 0.5-2 µm, occurring singly, in pairs
or in short chains. Non-spore-forming. Non-motile.
Colonies are greyish-white to pale yellow, flat, smooth, 1-2 mm in diameter after 2
days at 30 ºC on MRS agar. Growth temperature range is 10-37 ºC. No growth at 6 or
45 ºC. Grows in 0-6% NaCl media (weak growth in 8% NaCl; no growth in 10% NaCl).
Isolated from salami produced in Germany.
Description is based mostly on API ZYM and API 50 CHL (bioMerieux) results.
Positive results for acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, cystine arylamidase, esterase (C4), alpha- and beta-glucosidase,
leucine arylamidase, lipase (C14), valine arylamidase, acid production from L-arabinose, cellobiose, D-fructose, glucose (without
gas production), maltose, ribose, trehalose, and N-acetylglucosamine.
Negative results for alpha-arabinosidase, arginine dihydrolase, arginine arylamidase, catalase, esterase lipase (C8), alpha-
fucosidase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, alpha-
manosidase, oxidase, trypsin, acid production from adonitol, amygdalin, D-arabinose, D- and L-arabitol, arbutin, cellobiose, dulcitol,
erythritol, esculin, D- and L-fucose, galactose, gentiobiose, 2- and 5-ketogluconate, glycerol, glycogen, gluconate, inositol, inulin, D-
lyxose, lactose, mannose, melibiose, melezitose, methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside, methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside, raffinose,
rhamnose, sorbitol, sucrose, starch, L-sorbose, D-tagatose, turanose, methyl beta-D-xylopyranoside, methyl alpha-D-xyloside, xylitol,
D- and L-xylose.
Variable results for acid production from mannitol and salicin.
(c) Costin Stoica