Lactobacillus lindneri
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Lactobacillaceae, Genus Lactobacillus, [Group C lactobacilli
(obligately heterofermentative),  unique phylogenetic group],
Lactobacillus  lindneri (ex Henneberg 1901) Back, Bohak, Ehrmann,
Ludwig and Schleifer 1997.

Homotypic synonyms:
Fructilactobacillus lindneri (Back et al. 1997) Zheng et al. 2020.
Synonym: "Lactobacillus lindneri" (Henneberg 1901) Bergey et al. 1923.
Rods, 0.9 x 5.0 µm, occur singly or in pairs and in chains; depending on the medium,
some strains show a strong tendency to alter their cell length and chain length.
Nonmotile.
Colonies on NBB agar are white, smooth, white, flat, convex, 2 mm in diameter.
Facultatively anaerobic. Can grow at  15 ºC, but not at 45 ºC. Optimum growth
temperature is 22-25 ºC. Grow at pH 5.8, but not at pH 6.5. Weak growth in 5% NaCl.
Isolated from spoiled beer.
Undetermined.
  1. Hammes W.P. and Hertel C., 2009. Genus I. Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 465-511.
  2. Hoang VA, Kim YJ, Nguyen NL, Kim SK and Yang DC, 2015. Lactobacillus vespulae sp. nov., isolated from gut of a queen wasp
    (Vespula vulgaris). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 67, 2903-2909.
  3. Zheng J, Wittouck S, Salvetti E, Franz MAP et al., 2020. A taxonomic note on the genus Lactobacillus: Description of 23 novel
    genera, emended description of the genus Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901, and union of Lactobacillaceae and Leuconostocaceae.
    Int J Syst Microbiol. 70, 2782-2858.
Obligately heterofermentative (hexoses are fermented to lactic acid, acetic acid (ethanol), and CO2 via the phosphogluconate pathway;
pentoses are  fermented to lactic acid and acetic acid by the related pentose phosphate pathaway)
Biochemical description is based mostly on API ZYM, API 50 CH, Rapid ID 32A (bioMerieux) results.

Positive results for acid phosphatase, esculin hydrolysis, cystine arylamidase, alpha-glucosidase, valine arylamidase, fermentation
of: glucose (acid and gas production), potassium gluconate and maltose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, arginine hydrolysis (NH
3 from arginine), esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), lipase (C14),
alpha-fucosidase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, indole
production, leucine arylamidase, alpha-manosidase, nitrate reduction, trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin, urease, fermentation of:
amygdalin, arabinose, arbutin, D- and L-arabitol, D-adonitol, cellobiose, dulcitol erythritol, esculin, D- and L-fucose, galactose,
gentibiose, glycerol, glycogen, methyl alpha-D-glucopyranoside, methyl alpha-D-mannopyranoside, inositol, inulin, potassium
5-ketogluconate, D-lactose, D-lyxose, D-mannitol, mannose, melezitose, melibiose, N-acetylglucosamine, raffinose, rhamnose,
rhamnose, ribose, salicin, sorbitol, L-sorbose, starch, sucrose, D-tagatose, trehalose, turanose, methyl beta-D-xylopyranoside, xylitol,
and xylose.

Variable results for alkaline phosphatase.
(c) Costin Stoica
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