1. Olofsson T.C., Alsterfjord M., Nilson B., Butler E. and Vasquez A., 2014. Lactobacillus apinorum sp. nov., Lactobacillus mellifer sp.
    nov., Lactobacillus mellis sp. nov., Lactobacillus melliventris sp. nov., Lactobacillus kimbladii sp. nov., Lactobacillus
    helsingborgensis sp. nov. and Lactobacillus kullabergensis sp. nov., isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee Apis
    mellifera. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 64, 3109-3119.
Lactobacillus kullabergensis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Lactobacillaceae, Genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus kullabergensis
Olofsson, Alsterfjord, Nilson, Butler and Vasquez 2014.
Gram-positive rods, 0.5 / 3.0-8.0 µm, occuring singly or in pairs. Non-motile.
Nonspore-forming.
Colonies on supplemented MRS agar (0.1% L-cysteine and 2% fructose) are white,
opaque, with a smooth to rough surface, raised, moist, 2-3 mm  in diameter, under
anaerobic conditions after 3 days at 35 ºC. Grows at 15 and 50 ºC; no growth at 5 ºC.
Facultative anaerobe; grows well on supplemented MRS agar under aerobic
conditions. Range of pH 3.0-12.0 (in supplemented MRS broth).
Isolated from the honey stomach of the honeybee, Apis mellifera mellifera.
No pathogenicity.
Description is based mostly on API 50 CHL and API ZYM (bioMerieux) results.

Positive results for acid phosphatase, beta-glucosidase, leucine arylamidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase (weak reaction), valine
arylamidase, acid production from fructose, glucose (without gas production) and salicin.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, catalase, cystine arylamidase, esculin hydrolysis, esterase C8, beta-galactosidase,
alpha-glucosidase, acid production from L- and D-arabinose, L- and D-arabitol, arbutin, adonitol, cellobiose, dulcitol, erythritol,  
fucose, gluconate, 2- and 5-ketogluconate, glycerol, glycogen, galactose, inositol, inulin, lactose, D-lyxose, mannitol, maltose,
mannose, melezitose, melibiose, N-acetylglucosamine, raffinose, rhamnose, ribose, sorbitol, sorbose, sucrose, starch, tagatose,
turanose, xylitol and xylose.

Variable results for esterase C4 (weak reaction), acid production from amygdalin (weak reaction), arbutin (weak reaction), esculin,
beta-gentiobiose,methyl alpha-D-glucoside (weak reaction), sucrose and trehalose .
(c) Costin Stoica
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