1. Liang Z.Q., Srinivasan S., Kim Y.J., Kim H.B., Wang H.T. and Yang D.C., 2011. Lactobacillus kimchicus sp. nov., a β-glucosidase-
    producing bacterium isolated from kimchi. IJSEM 61, 894-897.
  2. Tohno M, Kitahara M, Irisawa T, Inoue H, Uegaki R, Ohkuma M and Tajima K, 2013. Lactobacillus oryzae sp. nov., isolated from
    fermented rice grain (Oryza sativa L. subsp. japonica). Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63, 2957-2962.
Lactobacillus kimchicus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Lactobacillaceae, Genus Lactobacillus, Lactobacillus kimchicus  
Liang, Srinivasan, Kim, Kim, Wang and Yang  2011.

Species description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive slender rods, 0.3-0.8 x 1.0-2.0 µm , occurring singly, in pairs or in short
chains. Non-motile. Non-spore-forming.
Colonies on MRS agar are white, convex, smooth with entire edges, 0.8-1.5 mm in
diameter after 2 days at 37 ºC. Facultative anaerobe. Grows at temperature range
15-45 ºC (optimally at 37 ºC), pH range 6.0-7.0 and in 4-8% NaCl. No growth at pH 5,
pH 8 or in 9% NaCl.
Isolated from kimchi collected in Korea.
Undetermined.
Heterofermentative.
Description is based mostly on API 50 CHL (bioMerieux) results.

Positive results for esculin hydrolysis, beta-glucosidase, beta-galactosidase, acid production from arbutin, L-arabinose, esculin,
fructose, galactose, glucose, gluconate, maltose, mannitol, mannose, N-acetylglucosamine, ribose, D- and L-xylose.


Negative results for catalase, chymotrypsin, alpha-glucosidase, alpha-galactosidase, oxidase
acid production from D-arabinose, adonitol, amygdalin, D- and L-arabitol, cellobiose, dulcitol, erythritol, D- and L- fucose, gentiobiose,
5-ketogluconate, glycerol, glycogen, inositol, inulin, lactose, D-lyxose, melezitose, melibiose, methyl alpha-D-glucoside, methyl
alpha-D-mannoside, raffinose, salicin, sorbitol, L-sorbose, starch, sucrose, D-tagatose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol, methyl
alpha-D-xyloside, and methyl beta-D-xylopyranoside.

Variable results for 2-ketogluconate fermentation.
(c) Costin Stoica
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