Lactobacillus johnsonii
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Lactobacillaceae, Genus Lactobacillus [Group A lactobacilli (obligately
homofermentative), Lactobacillus delbrueckii phylogenetic-group],
Lactobacillus johnsonii  Fujisawa, Benno, Yaeshima and Mitsuoka
1992.
Synonym:
Lactobacillus acidophilus group B-2 of Johnson et al. (1980).
Gram-positive, short to long rods (0.5-1.5 x 1.5-10 μm) occurring singly, in pairs and
in short chains. Nonspore-forming.
Colonies on BL (glucose-blood liver) agar (2 days incubation under 100% CO2 at 37
ºC) are 0.5-2.0 mm in diameter, circular to slightly irregular, grayish brown to reddish
brown, and rough. Facultatively anaerobic. No growth at 15 ºC. Can grow at 45 ºC and
in 4% NaCl medium.
Isolated from human blood and feces of chicken, mice, calf, horse and pig.
Undetermined.
  1. Hammes W.P. and Hertel C., 2009. Genus I. Lactobacillus Beijerinck 1901. In: (Eds.) P.D. Vos, G. Garrity, D. Jones, N.R. Krieg, W.
    Ludwig, F.A. Rainey, K.-H. Schleifer, W.B. Whitman. Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Volume 3: The Firmicutes,
    Springer, 465-511.
  2. Fujisawa T., Benno Y., Yaeshima T. and Mitsuoka T., 1992. Taxonomic Study of the Lactobacillus acidophilus Group, with
    Recognition of Lactobacillus gallinarum sp. nov. and Lactobacillus johnsonii sp. nov. and Synonymy of Lactobacillus acidophilus
    Group A3 (Johnson et al. 1980) with the Type Strain of Lactobacillus amylovorus (Nakamura 1981). IJSB vol. 42, no.3, 487-491.
  3. Cousin S, Motreff L, Gulat-Okalla ML, Gouyette C. Sproer C et al., 2013. Lactobacillus pasteurii sp. nov. and Lactobacillus hominis
    sp. nov.. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 63, 53-59.
Obligately homofermentative (hexoses are fermented almost exclusively to lactic acid by the Embden-Meyerhof pathway; pentoses or
gluconate are not fermented).

Positive results for acid and alkaline phosphatase (weak reaction), alpha-glucosidase (weak reaction), beta-glucosidase,
beta-galactosidase, fermentation of: amygdalin, cellobiose, esculin, fructose, galactose, glucose (without gas production),  lactose,
maltose, mannose, salicin, and sucrose.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), lipase (C14), alpha-fucosidase,
alpha-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, indole production, leucine arylamidase, lysine
decarboxylase, alpha-manosidase, nitrate reduction, ornithine decarboxylase, oxidase, trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin, urease, valine
arylamidase, Voges-Proskauer test, fermentation of: arabinose, mannitol, melezitose, rhamnose, ribose, sorbitol, and xylose.

Variable fermentation of melibiose, raffinose, starch, and trehalose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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