NOTES
  • According to Li et al. 2020, Lactobacillus kosoi Chiou et al. 2018 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus micheneri McFrederick et al. 2018
    (Li, Liu, Fu and Gu 2020)
  • Lactobacillus crispatus  L. amylovorus, L. gallinarum, L. gasseri, and L. johnsonii are synonymos with L.  acidophilus group A2,  group A3,  group A4,  
    group B1, and group B2, respectively.
  • According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus cypricasei is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis
  • According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus sobrius is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus amylovorus.
  • According to Cato et. al 1983, the type strain of L. crispatus and the DNA homology reference strain of L. acidophilus group A2  have 100% DNA
    homology.
  • According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis  is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus vaccinostercus.
  • According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus parabuchneri.
  • Lactobacillus cellobiosus has been reclassified as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum by Dellaglio et al. 2004.
  • According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus plantarum is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus arizonensis.
  • According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus helveticus (Orla-
    Jensen 1919) Bergey et al. 1925.
  • Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 (Felis et al. 2006).
  • According to Pang et al. 2012, Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus bobalius Manes-
    Lazaro et al. 2008, and an earlier heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus kimchii Yoon et al. 2000.
  • According to Li et al. 2006, Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species.
  • According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980 is a later heterotypic synonym of L. sakei.
  • According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki
    and Okada 1983.
  • Lactobacillus xylosus Kitahara 1938 is now included in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis Schleifer et al. 1986.
Genus Lactobacillus
Beijerinck 1901
Gram-positive rods or coccobacilli, nonspore-forming; fermentative metabolism, obligately saccharoclastic, at least half of end product carbon is lactate;
facultatively anaerobic; gelatin not liquefied, indole and H
2S not produced, catalase and oxidase negative; complex nutritional requirements for amino
acids, peptides, nucleic acid derivatives, vitamins, salts, fatty acids, and carbohydrates; growth temperature range 2-53 °C; optimal pH 5.5-6.2. Found in
dairy products, foods, beer, wine, fruits, water, soil, and sewage; they are a part of the normal flora in the mouth, intestinal tract, and vagina of humans and
many animals. Nonpathogenic or pathogenicity is restricted to persons with an underlying disease.
(c) Costin Stoica
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LEGEND
* marked species are not included in
ABIS identification database
Lactobacillus acetotolerans
Lactobacillus achengensis
Lactobacillus acidifarinae
Lactobacillus acidipiscis
Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactobacillus agilis
Lactobacillus algidus
Lactobacillus alimentarius
Lactobacillus allii
Lactobacillus amylolyticus *
Lactobacillus amylophilus
Lactobacillus amylotrophicus
Lactobacillus amylovorus
Lactobacillus angrenensis
Lactobacillus animalis
Lactobacillus antri
Lactobacillus apinorum
Lactobacillus apis
Lactobacillus apodemi
Lactobacillus aquaticus
Lactobacillus argentoratensis
Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. aviarius
Lactobacillus aviarius subsp. araffinosus
Lactobacillus backii
Lactobacillus bayanensis
Lactobacillus baiquanensis
Lactobacillus bambusae
Lactobacillus baoqingensis
Lactobacillus bifermentans
Lactobacillus binensis
Lactobacillus bombi
Lactobacillus bombicola
Lactobacillus brevis
Lactobacillus buchneri
Lactobacillus cacaonum
Lactobacillus camelliae
Lactobacillus casei
Lactobacillus capillatus
Lactobacillus caviae
Lactobacillus ceti
Lactobacillus coleohominis
Lactobacillus collinoides
Lactobacillus composti
Lactobacillus concavus
Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. coryniformis
Lactobacillus coryniformis subsp. torquens
Lactobacillus crispatus
Lactobacillus curvatus
Lactobacillus cypricasei
Lactobacillus daqingensis
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. sunkii
Lactobacillus diolivorans
Lactobacillus durianis
Lactobacillus equi
Lactobacillus equicursoris
Lactobacillus equigenerosi
Lactobacillus fabifermentans
Lactobacillus faecis
Lactobacillus farciminis
Lactobacillus farraginis
Lactobacillus ferintoshensis
Lactobacillus fermentum
Lactobacillus floricola
Lactobacillus florum
Lactobacillus formosensis
Lactobacillus fornicalis
Lactobacillus fructivorans
Lactobacillus frumenti
Lactobacillus fuchuensis
Lactobacillus fujinensis
Lactobacillus furfuricola
Lactobacillus futsaii
Lactobacillus fuyuanensis
Lactobacillus gallinarum
Lactobacillus gannanensis
Lactobacillus garii
Lactobacillus gasseri
Lactobacillus gastricus
Lactobacillus ghanensis
Lactobacillus gigeriorum
Lactobacillus gorillae
Lactobacillus graminis
Lactobacillus halodurans
Lactobacillus hammesii
Lactobacillus hamsteri
Lactobacillus harbinensis
Lactobacillus hayakitensis
Lactobacillus hegangensis
Lactobacillus heilongjiangensis
Lactobacillus helsingborgensis
Lactobacillus helveticus
Lactobacillus herbarum
Lactobacillus hilgardii
Lactobacillus hokkaidonensis
Lactobacillus hominis
Lactobacillus homohiochii
Lactobacillus hordei
Lactobacillus huananensis
Lactobacillus hulinensis
Lactobacillus iners
Lactobacillus ingluviei
Lactobacillus insicii
Lactobacillus intestinalis
Lactobacillus iwatensis
Lactobacillus jensenii
Lactobacillus jiayinensis
Lactobacillus jidongensis
Lactobacillus jixianensis
Lactobacillus johnsonii
Lactobacillus kalixensis
Lactobacillus kedongensis
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefiranofaciens
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum
Lactobacillus kefiri
Lactobacillus keshanensis
Lactobacillus kimbladii
Lactobacillus kimchicus
Lactobacillus kimchii
Lactobacillus kitasatonis
Lactobacillus kisonensis
Lactobacillus kosoi (see L. micheneri)
Lactobacillus kullabergensis
Lactobacillus kunkeei
Lactobacillus koreensis
Lactobacillus lindianensis
Lactobacillus lindneri
Lactobacillus malefermentans
Lactobacillus mali
Lactobacillus manihotivorans
Lactobacillus mellifer
Lactobacillus mellis
Lactobacillus melliventris
Lactobacillus micheneri
Lactobacillus mindensis
Lactobacillus mishanensis
Lactobacillus mucosae
Lactobacillus mulanensis
Lactobacillus mulengensis
Lactobacillus murinus
Lactobacillus nagelii
Lactobacillus namurensis
Lactobacillus nantensis
Lactobacillus nasuensis
Lactobacillus nodensis
Lactobacillus odoratitofui
Lactobacillus oeni
Lactobacillus oris
Lactobacillus oryzae
Lactobacillus otakiensis
Lactobacillus  ozensis
Lactobacillus panis
Lactobacillus pantheris
Lactobacillus parabuchneri
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans
Lactobacillus paracollinoides
Lactobacillus parafarraginis
Lactobacillus parakefiri
Lactobacillus paralimentarius
Lactobacillus paraplantarum   (similar to L. plantarum)
Lactobacillus pasteurii
Lactobacillus paucivorans
Lactobacillus pentosus   (similar to L. plantarum)
Lactobacillus perolens
Lactobacillus plantarum
Lactobacillus pobuzihii
Lactobacillus pontis
Lactobacillus psittaci
Lactobacillus quenuiae
Lactobacillus rapi
Lactobacillus rennini
Lactobacillus reuteri
Lactobacillus rhamnosus
Lactobacillus rossiae
Lactobacillus ruminis
Lactobacillus saerimneri
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. sakei
Lactobacillus sakei subsp. carnosus
Lactobacillus salivarius
Lactobacillus salsicarnum
Lactobacillus sanfranciscensis
Lactobacillus saniviri
Lactobacillus satsumensis
Lactobacillus senioris
Lactobacillus secaliphilus
Lactobacillus senmaizukei
Lactobacillus sharpeae
Lactobacillus silagei
Lactobacillus siliginis
Lactobacillus similis
Lactobacillus spicheri
Lactobacillus sucicola
Lactobacillus suebicus
Lactobacillus suibinensis
Lactobacillus sunkii
Lactobacillus suntoryeus
Lactobacillus taiwanensis
Lactobacillus tangyuanensis
Lactobacillus thailandensis
Lactobacillus thermotolerans  (see L. ingluviei)
Lactobacillus timberlakei
Lactobacillus tongjiangensis
Lactobacillus tucceti
Lactobacillus ultunensis
Lactobacillus vaccinostercus
Lactobacillus vaginalis
Lactobacillus versmoldensis
Lactobacillus vini
Lactobacillus wuchangensis
Lactobacillus xiangfangensis
Lactobacillus xylosus  (see Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis)
Lactobacillus yichunensis
Lactobacillus yilanensis
Lactobacillus zhaodongensis
Lactobacillus zhaoyuanensis
Lactobacillus zhongbaensisis
Lactobacillus zymae