Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
Culture media
Biochemical tests
Stainings
Images
Movies
Articles
Identification
Software
R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
Previous page
Back
NOTES
  • According to Li et al. 2020, Lactobacillus kosoi Chiou et al. 2018 is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus micheneri McFrederick et al. 2018 (Li, Liu, Fu and Gu 2020)
  • Lactobacillus crispatus  L. amylovorus, L. gallinarum, L. gasseri, and L. johnsonii are synonymos with L.  acidophilus group A2,  group A3,  group A4,  group B1, and group B2, respectively.
  • According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus cypricasei is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus acidipiscis
  • According to Jakava-Viljanen et al. 2008, Lactobacillus sobrius is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus amylovorus.
  • According to Cato et. al 1983, the type strain of L. crispatus and the DNA homology reference strain of L. acidophilus group A2  have 100% DNA homology.
  • According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis  is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus vaccinostercus.
  • According to Vancanneyt et al. 2005, Lactobacillus ferintoshensis is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus parabuchneri.
  • Lactobacillus cellobiosus has been reclassified as a later synonym of Lactobacillus fermentum by Dellaglio et al. 2004.
  • According to Kostinek et al. 2005, Lactobacillus plantarum is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus arizonensis.
  • According to Naser et al. 2006, Lactobacillus suntoryeus Cachat and Priest 2005 is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus helveticus Bergey et al. 1925.
  • Lactobacillus ingluviei Baele et al. 2003 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus thermotolerans Niamsup et al. 2003 (Felis et al. 2006).
  • According to Pang et al. 2012, Lactobacillus paralimentarius Cai et al. 1999 is an earlier heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus bobalius Manes-Lazaro et al. 2008, and  of L. kimchii Yoon et al. 2000.
  • According to Li et al. 2006, Lactobacillus salivarius comprises a single species.
  • According to Kagermeier-Callaway and Lauer 1995, Lactobacillus bavaricus Stetter and Stetter 1980 is a later heterotypic synonym of L. sakei.
  • According to Dellaglio et al. 2006, Lactobacillus durianis Leisner et al. 2002 is a later heterotypic synonym of  Lactobacillus vaccinostercus Kozaki and Okada 1983.
  • Lactobacillus xylosus Kitahara 1938 is now included in Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis Schleifer et al. 1986.
  • According to Zhao and Gu, 2019. Lactobacillus terrae is a later heterotypic synonym of Lactobacillus metriopterae.
Family Lactobacillaceae
Winslow et al. 1917
Gram-positive rods,coccobacilli or spherical cells, nonspore-forming, Chain formation is frequent, with the exception of pediococci which form pairs
or tetrads. Fermentative metabolism, obligately saccharo-clastic. At least half of the end product carbon is lactate. Additional products may be
acetate, ethanol, CO
2, formate, or succinate. Oxidase-negative. Catalase usually negative, although some strains may produce pseudocatalase.
Complex nutritional requirements for amino acids, peptides, nucleic acid derivatives, vitamins, salts, fatty acids or fatty acid esters, and fermentable
carbohydrates. Found in dairy products, foods, beer, wine, fruits, water, soil, and sewage; they are a part of the normal flora in the mouth, intestinal
tract, and vagina of humans and many animals. Nonpathogenic or pathogenicity is restricted to persons with an underlying disease.
(c) Costin Stoica
LEGEND
* marked species are not included in ABIS identification database
Lactobacillus acetotolerans
Lactobacillus achengensis
Lactobacillus acidophilus
Lactobacillus amylolyticus *
Lactobacillus amylovorus
Lactobacillus angrenensis
Lactobacillus apis
Lactobacillus binensis
Lactobacillus bombicola
Lactobacillus bombintestini
Lactobacillus colini
Lactobacillus crispatus
Lactobacillus cypricasei
Lactobacillus daqingensis
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. bulgaricus
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. delbrueckii
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. indicus
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. lactis
Lactobacillus delbrueckii subsp. sunkii
Lactobacillus durianis
Lactobacillus equicursoris
Lactobacillus ferintoshensis
Lactobacillus fermentum (conserved name)
Lactobacillus fornicalis
Lactobacillus gallinarum
Lactobacillus gannanensis
Lactobacillus garii
Lactobacillus gasseri
Lactobacillus gigeriorum
Lactobacillus hamsteri
Lactobacillus hegangensis
Lactobacillus helsingborgensis
Lactobacillus helveticus
Lactobacillus hominis
Lactobacillus homohiochii (synonym of F. fructivorans)
Lactobacillus iners
Lactobacillus intestinalis
Lactobacillus jensenii
Lactobacillus johnsonii
Lactobacillus kalixensis
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefiranofaciens
Lactobacillus kefiranofaciens subsp. kefirgranum
Lactobacillus kimbladii
Lactobacillus kitasatonis
Lactobacillus kosoi (see Apilactobacillus micheneri)
Lactobacillus kullabergensis
Lactobacillus melliventris
Lactobacillus minutus (Atopobium minutum)
Lactobacillus mulieris
Lactobacillus panisapium
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. paracasei
Lactobacillus paracasei subsp. tolerans
Lactobacillus paragasseri
Lactobacillus pasteurii
Lactobacillus porci
Lactobacillus psittaci
Lactobacillus rimae (Lancefieldella rimae)
Lactobacillus rodentium
Lactobacillus selangorensis
Lactobacillus suantsaiihabitans
Lactobacillus suntoryeus (synonym of L. helveticus)
Lactobacillus taiwanensis
Lactobacillus thermotolerans  (Limosilactobacillus ingluviei)
Lactobacillus uli (Olsenella uli)
Lactobacillus ultunensis
Lactobacillus xujianguonis
Lactobacillus xylosus  (see Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis)
Genus Lactobacillus
Beijerinck 1901
Genus Lentilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Levilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Ligilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Limosilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Liquorilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Loigolactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Lacticaseibacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Lactiplantibacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Lapidilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Latilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Agrilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Amylolactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Apilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Bombilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Companilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Dellaglioa
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Furfurilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Holzapfelia
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Fructilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Paucilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Schleiferilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Genus Secundilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020
Pediococcus acidilactici
Pediococcus argentinicus
Pediococcus cellicola
Pediococcus claussenii
Pediococcus damnosus
Pediococcus dextrinicus (see Lapidilactobacillus)
Pediococcus ethanolidurans
Pediococcus halophilus (moved to Tetragenococcus)
Pediococcus inopinatus
Pediococcus lolii (see Pediococcus acidilactici)
Pediococcus parvulus
Pediococcus siamensis
Pediococcus stilesii
Pediococcus urinaeequi (see Aerococcus urinaeequi)
Genus Pediococcus
Claussen 1903
ABIS online
ADVANCED BACTERIAL
IDENTIFICATION
SOFTWARE
Acetilactobacillus jinshanensis
Genus Acetilactobacillus
Zheng et al. 2020