Bifidobacterium catenulatum subsp. catenulatum
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum “Actinobacteria”, Class Actinobacteria, Order Bifidobacteriales, Family Bifidobacteriaceae, Genus Bifidobacterium,  
Bifidobacterium catenulatum subsp. catenulatum
(Scardovi and Crociani 1974) Nouioui et al. 2018.

Synonym:
Bifidobacterium catenulatum Scardovi and Crociani 1974.
Gram-positive cells, generally with three to four globular elements arranged in chains
1.3-1.7 x 2.0-4.0 µm with ends of the chains usually tapered. Non-spore-forming.
Non-motile.
Colonies are smooth, convex, entire margins, cream to white, glistening, and soft
consistency. Grows at temperature 28-42 ºC (optimum 39-41
ºC), pH 6.3-7.2
(optimum pH 6.5-6.9). Anaerobic.
Isolated from faeces of human adults, vagina and sewage.
Undetermined.
  1. Biavati B, Mattarelli P, 2012.  Genus I. Bifidobacterium Orla-Jensen 1924. In: Parte et al. (ed). Bergey’s manual of systematic
    bacteriology: The Actinobacteria,Part A and B. Springer, New York, 171-206.
  2. Scardovi V, Crociani F, 1974. Bifidobacterium catenulatum, Bifidobacterium dentium, and Bifidobacterium angulatum: three new
    species and their deoxyribonucleic acid homology relationships. Int J Syst Bacteriology 24(1), 6-20.
  3. Morita H, Nakano A, Onoda H, Toh H, Oshima K et al., 2011. Bifidobacterium kashiwanohense sp. nov., isolated from healthy infant
    faeces. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 61, 2610-2615.
  4. Tsuchida S, Takahashi S, Nguema PPM, Fujita S, Kitahara M, Yamagiwa J, Ngomanda A, Ohkuma M and Ushida K, 2014.    
    Bifidobacterium moukalabense sp. nov., isolated from the faeces of wild west lowland gorilla (Gorilla gorilla gorilla). Int J Syst Evol
    Microbiol 64, 449-455.
Positive results for acid phosphatase, arginine arylamidase, alpha-arabinosidase, cystine arylamidase, esterase lipase (C8), alpha-
and beta-galactosidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, glycine arylamidase, histidine arylamidase, leucine arylamidase,
phenylalanine arylamidase, proline arylamidase, serine arylamidase, tyrosine arylamidase, Voges-Proskauer test, acid production
from L-arabinose, cellobiose, D-fructose, D-galactose, D-glucose (without gas production), D-lactose, maltose, melibiose, raffinose,
D-ribose, salicin, D-sorbitol, sucrose, and D-xylose.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, alanine arylamidase, arginine dihydrolase, catalase, esterase (C4), alpha-fucosidase,
beta-glucuronidase, gelatin liquefaction, indole production, alpha-mannosidase, lipase (C14), nitrate reduction,
N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin, urease, valine arylamidase, acid
production from amylopectin, D- and L-fucose, D-glucuronate, glycerol, melezitose, porcine gastric mucin, and rhamnose.
Ammonia is not produced from urea or arginine.

Variable results for acid production from amylose, dextrin, D-galactosamine, gluconate (variable gas (CO
2) production),
D-glucosamine, inulin, D-mannitol, D-mannose, pectin, starch, trehalose, and xylan.
(c) Costin Stoica
Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
Culture media
Biochemical tests
Stainings
Images
Movies
Articles
Identification
Software
R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
Previous page
Back