Aliivibrio wodanis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Aliivibrio, Aliivibrio wodanis  
(Lunder, Sorum, Holstad, Steigerwalt, Mowinckel and Brenner 2004) H. Urbanczyk, J. C. Ast, M.J. Higgins, J. Carson & P.V.Dunlap,
2007.

Historical synonym:
Vibrio wodanis Lunder, Sorum, Holstad, Steigerwalt,
Mowinckel and Brenner 2004.
Gram-negative, short or elongated, non-spore-forming rods, motile by means of
multiple polar flagella.
Colonies are round, opaque, yellow (yellow-orange cell-associated pigment),
non-swarming and non-luminescent. Haemolytic when grown on bovine blood agar
containing 2% NaCl.The optimal NaCl concentration for growth is 1 to 4%.  Growth
occurs at 4-25 ºC, but not at 30 ºC. Facultatively anaerobe.
Isolated from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar). Susceptible to 2,4-diamino-6,7-diisopropylpteridine ( O/129 vibriostatic agent). Sensitive
to carbenicillin (100 µg) and novobiocin (5 µg).
Causes an ulcerative skin disease (“winter ulcer”) in Atlantic salmon.
  1. J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition, Vol two, part
    B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
  2. Lunder, T, Sorum, H, Holstad, G, Steigerwalt, AG, Mowinckel, P, Brenner, DJ. Phenotypic and genotypic characterization of Vibrio
    viscosus sp. nov. and Vibrio wodanis sp. nov. isolated from Atlantic salmon (Salmo salar) with 'winter ulcer'. Int J Syst Evol
    Microbiol 2000 50: 427-450.
  3. H. Urbanczyk, J.C.Ast, M.J. Higgins, J. Carson and P.V. Dunlap, 2007, Reclassification of Vibrio fischeri, Vibrio logei, Vibrio
    salmonicida and Vibrio wodanis as Aliivibrio fischeri gen. nov., comb. nov., Aliivibrio logei comb. nov., Aliivibrio salmonicida
    comb. nov. and Aliivibrio wodanis comb. nov.IJSEM 57, 2823-2829.
Positive results for catalase, oxidase, indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1%NaCl), methyl red (1% NaCl), gelatin hydrolysis (1% NaCl, 22
ºC), starch, Tween 80, acid production from: D-glucose, D-galactose, glycerol, D-mannose, sucrose & trehalose.
Alkaline phosphatase, caprylate esterase, leucine arylamidase, butyrate esterase, valine arylamidase, acid phosphatase, naphthol
phosphohydrolase & acetyl beta-glucosaminidase are produced.

Negative results for Voges-Proskauer (1% NaCl), urea hydrolysis, esculin hydrolysis, arginine (1% NaCl), lysine (1% NaCl), ornithine
(1% NaCl), gas production from D-glucose, acid production from: L-arabinose, cellobiose, myo-inositol, lactose, D-mannitol,
melibiose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, salicin, D-sorbitol, & D-xylose.
Chymotrypsinase, trypsinase, cystine arylamidase, alpha-fucosidase, alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase,
alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucosidase & alpha-mannosidase are not produced.
(c) Costin Stoica
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