Vibrio proteolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio proteolyticus
(
Merkel, Traganza, Mukheriee, Griffin and Prescott, 1964) Baumann, Baumann, Bang and Woolkalis, 1982.

Old synonyms:
Aeromonas proteolytica Merkel, Traganza, Mukheriee, Griffin & Prescott
1964,
Aeromonas hydrophila subsp. proteolytica (Merkel, Traganza, Mukheriee, Griffin
& Prescott 1964) Schubert 1969.
Gram-negative, straight rods, motile. Presenting lateral flagella on solid media,
swarming on complex media.
Facultatively anaerobic. Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1% NaCl, 6% NaCl, 8% NaCl,
10% NaCl & 12% NaCl. No growt in 0% NaCl. Growth temperature 30, 35, 40 ºC, no
growth at 4 ºC. Grows on solid media as swarming waves. No luminescence.
Isolated from Limnoria tripunctata taken from wood pilings Charleston, South Carolina, U.S.A. The type strain was isolated from the
alimentary canal of  the marine isopod crustacean. Resistant to O/129 vibriostatic agent (10 μg).
Unknown.
  1. J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part B,
    George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
  2. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Group 5 Facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rods. Subgroup 2 Family Vibrionaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9-th edition, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 190-194.
Positive results for indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1% NaCl), citrate utilization (Simmons), arginine (1% NaCl), lysine (1% NaCl), nitrate
reduction to nitrite, oxidase, lipase, acid production from: D-glucose, cellobiose, maltose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, D-sorbitol &
trehalose.

Negative results for ornithine (1% NaCl), esculin hydrolysis, ONPG test,  gas production from D-glucose, acid production from:
D-adonitol, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, dulcitol, D-galactose, myo-inositol, lactose, melibiose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, salicin, sucrose &
D-xylose.

Variable results for Voges-Proskauer test (1% NaCl), urea hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis (1% NaCl, 22 °C).
(c) Costin Stoica
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