Vibrio pelagius (Listonella pelagia)
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio pelagius
(Baumann, Baumann and Mandel 1971) Baumann, Baumann, Bang and Woolkalis 1981.
Divided in two groups / biotypes (1 and 2).

Synonyms:
Beneckea pelagia  Baumann, Baumann and Mandel 1971; Listonella
pelagia
MacDonell and Colwell, 1985.
Gram-negative, straight rods (biotype 1) and curved rods (biotype 2), motile by
monotrichous flagella. Not swarming on complex media.  No lateral flagella on solid
media.
Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1% NaCl, 6% NaCl & 8% NaCl (biotype 1). No growth
in 0% NaCl, 8% NaCl (biotype 2), 10% NaCl & 12% NaCl. Optimal growth
temperature 30-35 ºC. Variable growth at 4 ºC. Variable hemolysis on blood agar at
37 ºC (3 from 11 strains). No PHB accumulation. No luminescence.
Isolated from seawater of the coast of Hawaii.
Unknown.
  1. J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
    B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
  2. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Group 5 Facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rods. Subgroup 2 Family Vibrionaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9-th edition, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 190-194.
  3. Baumann, Paul, Baumann, Linda, Mandel, M. Taxonomy of Marine Bacteria: The Genus Beneckea J. Bacteriol. 1971 107: 268-294.
Positive results for citrate utilization (Simmons), nitrate reduction to nitrite, oxidase, lipase, ONPG, acid production from: D-glucose,
maltose, D-mannitol, sucrose (biotype 2 is variable) & trehalose.

Negative results for indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1% NaCl) (biotype 2 is positive), Voges-Proskauer (1% NaCl), arginine (1% NaCl),
lysine (1% NaCl), ornithine (1% NaCl), gelatin hydrolysis (1% NaCl, 22 °C) (biotype 2 is positive),  gas production from D-glucose,
acid production from: D-adonitol, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, cellobiose, dulcitol, D-galactose (biotype 2 is variable), myo-inositol,
lactose, D-mannose (biotype 2 is positive), melibiose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, salicin, D-sorbitol & D-xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
Culture media
Biochemical tests
Stainings
Images
Movies
Articles
Identification
Software
R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
Previous page
Back