Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio pectenicida
Lambert, Nicolas, Cilia and Corre 1998.
Gram-negative, curved rods, motile by a large single polar flagellum when grown in
liquid medium. Swarming on complex media. Lateral flagella produced when grown
on solid medium. Colonies after 48 h of growth are circular, smooth, & unpigmented.
Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1%NaCl, 6% NaCl. No growth in 0% NaCl, 8% NaCl,
10% NaCl & 12% NaCl. Growth temperature 4 ºC - 30 ºC. Optimal growth at 20 ºC.
Isolated from scallop (Pecten maximus) larvae.
Isolated from moribund scallop larvae during outbreaks of disease in a French hatchery. Vibrio pectenicida seems to be a specific
pathogen only for Jacques scallops (Pecten maximus), because, experimentally, the larvae of oysters (Crassostrea gigas) are not
sensitive. Can synthesize an endotoxin, a thermostable cilliostatic toxin, and one or more toxins capable of altering the hemocytes.
- J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
- Lambert, C., Nicolas, J. L., Cilia, V., Corre, S. Vibrio pectenicida sp. nov., a pathogen of scallop (Pecten maximus) larvae. Int J Syst
Bacteriol 1998 48: 481-487.
Positive results for oxidase, catalase, nitrate reduction, alginase, amylase, gelatinase,
deoxyribonuclease, Tween/esterase, growth at 18 and 22 ºC, acid production from
maltose, D-glucose and the utilization as a sole carbon source of maltose, succinate,
glycerol, L-rhamnose, isovalerate, pyruvate, L-alpha-alanine, L-aspartate, L-histidine, betaine & fumarate.
Negative results for gas production from glucose, ONPG, indole production, Voges-Proskauer test, arginine dihydrolase, lysine
decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, acid production from D-mannose, D-xylose, L-arabinose, L-rhamnose, glycerol, melibiose,
sucrose, D-galactose, D-sorbitol, D-cellobiose, fructose, myo-inositol, erythritol and the utilization as a sole carbon source of
D-mannose, D-galactose, D-fructose, cellobiose, melibiose, salicin, D-gluconate, citrate, erythritol, D-mannitol, D-sorbitol, D-xylose,
L-arabinose, D-glucose, trehalose, galacturonate, acetate, propionate, butyrate, DL-hydroxybutyrate, glycine, beta-alanine, DL-serine,
L-leucine, L-arginine, L-ornithine, L-proline & glucosamine.
(c) Costin Stoica