Vibrio nereis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio nereis  (Harwood,
Bang, Baumann and Nelson 1980) Baumann, Baumann, Bang and Woolkalis 1981.

Historical synonyms: Beneckea nereida (ex Baumann, Baumann and Mandel 1971)
Harwood, Bang, Baumann and Nelson 1980.
Gram-negative, straight rods, motile. Not presenting lateral flagella on solid media.  
Not swarming on complex media. No luminiscence.
Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1% NaCl, 6% NaCl, 8% NaCl and 10% NaCl (rarely).
No growth in 0% NaCl & 12% NaCl. Growth temperature 20-35 ºC, variable growth at  
4 ºC and 40 ºC.
Isolated from seawater of the coast of Hawaii. Sensible to O/129 vibriostatic agent (10 & 150 µg).
Isolated from an outbreak of fatal infections of sea bream (Acanthopagrus schlegeli) at hatcheries in western Japan, but pathogenicity
was not proved.
  1. J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
    B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
  2. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Group 5 Facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rods. Subgroup 2 Family Vibrionaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9-th edition, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 190-194.
Positive results for citrate utilization (Simmons), arginine (1% NaCl), nitrate reduction
to nitrite, oxidase, acid production from: D-glucose, maltose, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for Voges-Proskauer (1% NaCl), urea hydrolysis, lysine (1% NaCl), ornithine (1% NaCl), esculin hydrolysis, lipase,
ONPG test, gas production from D-glucose, acid production from: D-adonitol, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, cellobiose, dulcitol,
D-galactose, myo-inositol, lactose, D-mannitol, D-mannose, melibiose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, salicin, D-sorbitol  & D-xylose.

Variable results for gelatin hydrolysis (1% NaCl, 22 ºC) and indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1% NaCl).
(c) Costin Stoica
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