Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio litoralis Nam,
Chang, Park, Kwon, Quan, Park, Kim and Bae.
Gram-negative, slightly curved rods, 0.6-0.8 x 2.0-3.0 µm, motile by means of at least
one polar flagellum.
Colonies on Marine agar are pale yellow, smooth, round or slightly irregular in shape,
1.5-2.0 mm in diameter after 3 days, nonbioluminescent. Can grow in nutrient broth
with: 1 to 12% NaCl. No growth in 0% NaCl. Growth occur at 4-45 ºC, pH 4.1-8.8
(optimal 25-30 ºC, pH 6.9 and 3% NaCl). Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from a Yellow Sea tidal flat area of Korea. Susceptible to the vibriostatic agent O/129.
- Y.D. Nam, H.W. Chang, J.R. Park, H.Y. Kwon, Z.X. Quan, Y.H. Park, B.C. Kim and J.W. Bae, 2007. Vibrio litoralis sp. nov., isolated
from a Yellow Sea tidal flat in Korea.IJSEM 57, 562-565.
Positive results for oxidase, catalase, acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, valine
arylamidase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase (C8), nitrate reduction to nitrite, production
of acid from glucose without gas.
Utilize as sole carbon source: citrate, glucose, arabinose, mannose,mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine, maltose, gluconate & malate.
Negative results for indole production, alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, lipase (C14), urease, alpha-glucosidase,
beta-glucosidase, gelatinase, alpha-chymotrypsin, trypsin & aesculin hydrolysis.
(c) Costin Stoica