Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Photobacterium,
Photobacterium lipolyticum Yoon, Lee, Kim and Oh 2005.
Gram-negative, pleomorphic cells, nonspore-forming, motile by one polar flagellum.
Colonies are smooth, cream-coloured, glistening, low-convex,1.5- 2.0 mm diameter
(2 days / 25 ºC). Grows on Marine agar and TCN-LB agar medium, is unable to grow
in the absence of Na+. Grows in nutrient broth with 1-6% NaCl (1-2% NaCl optimum).
Anaerobic, temperature 10-31 ºC (optimum 25-28 ºC), pH 5-8 (optimum pH 7-8).
Isolated from an intertidal sediment from the Yellow Sea of Korea.
- J.-H.Yoon, J.-K. Lee, Y.-O. Kim and T.-K. Oh, 2005. Photobacterium lipolyticum sp. nov., a bacterium with lipolytic activity isolated
from the Yellow Sea in Korea. IJSEM 55, 335-339.
Positive results for catalase, oxidase, indole production, reduction of nitrate to nitrite,
utilization of D-fructose, sucrose, maltose, acetate & pyruvate, hydrolysis of aesculin,
starch, Tweens 20, 40, 60 and 80, casein (weakly), alkaline phosphatase, esterase
(C4), esterase lipase (C8), leucine arylamidase, acid phosphatase, production of acid
from: D-cellobiose, D-glucose, D-fructose, maltose, D-mannose, D-ribose, sucrose & D-trehalose.
Negative results for H2S production, arginine dihydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, hydrolysis of gelatin, utilization of: D-xylose, benzoate,
butyrate, citrate, glutamate, lactate, formate, ethanol, methanol, D-galactose, D-cellobiose, D-mannose & D-trehalose, hydrolysis of
hypoxanthine, tyrosine, urea & xanthine, lipase (C14), valine arylamodase, cystine arylamidase, trypsin, alpha-chymotrypsin,
alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha -glucosidase, beta-glucosidase, production of acid from:
adonitol, myo-inositol, D-mannitol, D-sorbitol, L-arabinose, D-galactose, lactose, D-melezitose, melibiose, D-raffinose & L-rhamnose.
(c) Costin Stoica