Vibrio kanaloae
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio kanaloae  
Thompson, Thompson, Li, Gomez-Gil, Vandenberghe, Hoste and Swings, 2003.
Historical synonym: -FAFLP group A46 Thompson, Hoste, Vandenberghe & Swings, 2001.
Gram-negative, slightly curved cells, 1 x 2-3 µm,motile by at least one polar flagellum.
Colonies on TSA are translucent, not swarming, convex, smooth, rounded, beige, 5
mm in diameter after 48 hours at 28 ºC incubation. Colonies on TCBS agar are
yellow, translucent, 5-10 mm in diameter.
Variable growth in nutrient broth with: 8% NaCl. No growth in 0% NaCl.No growth at 4,
35 or 40 ºC. Facultative anaerobe.
Isolated from diseased oyster (Ostrea edulis) larvae in France, sea water in Hawaii and shrimp (Penaeus chinensis) in China.
Sensitivity to vibriostatic agent O/129  is variable.
Unknown. Some strains are isolated from diseased oyster (Ostrea edulis) larvae.
  1. F. L. Thompson, C. C. Thompson, Y.  Li, B. Gomez-Gil, J. Vandenberghe, B. Hoste and J. Swings, 2003. Vibrio kanaloae sp. nov.,
    Vibrio pomeroyi sp. nov. and Vibrio chagasii sp. nov., from sea water and marine animals. IJSEM 53, 753-759.
Positive results for gelatinase, oxidase, catalase, alkaline phosphatase, esterase (C4),
esterase lipase (C8), nitrate reduction, Voges-Proskauer reaction,acid production from
arabinose glucose, mannitol & sucrose.
Can utilize Tween 40 Tween 80, cellobiose, L-alanine, D-mannitol, psicose and alpha-
ketoglutaric acid as sole carbon sources.

Negative results for urease, H
2S production,  lysine decarboxylase, alpha-galactosidase, alpha-chymotrypsin, beta-galactosidase,
alpha-glucosidase, β-glucosidase, lipase, tryptophan deaminase,  valine arylamidase, acidproduction from: sorbitol, melibiose,
amygdalin, inositol & rhamnose.
No utilization of L-arabinose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, alpha-cyclodextrin, gentiobiose, alpha-D-lactose, lactulose, putrescine, beta-
hydroxybutyric acid, S-saccharic acid, sebacic acid, L-ornithine L-phenylalanine & citrate.

Variable results for arginine dihydrolase.
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