Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio harveyi (Johnson
and Shunk 1936) Baumann, Baumann, Bang and Woolkalis 1981.
According to Thompson et al. 2002, Vibrio trachuri Iwamoto et al. 1996 is a later heterotypic synonym of Vibrio harveyi.
Other synonyms: Achromobacter harveyi Johnson and Shunk 1936, Lucibacterium
harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Hendrie, Hodgkiss and Shewan 1970, Beneckea
harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Reichelt and Baumann 1973, Vibrio carchariae
Grimes, Stemmler, Hada, May, Maneval, Hetrick, Jones, Stoskopf and Colwell 1985.
Gram-negative, rods, motile by sheathed polar flagella. Presenting lateral flagella on
solid media. Swarming on complex media.
Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1% NaCl and 6% NaCl. No growth in 0% NaCl, 8%
NaCl, 10% NaCl & 12% NaCl.
Optimal growth at 30 -35 ºC. No growth at 4 ºC or variable at 40 ºC.
Occurs in marine animals, the mouth of sharks and the marine environment. The type strain was isolated from an amphipod
(Talorchestia sp.). Isolated from a human wound infection associated with a shark bite.
Formerly V. trachuri strains were isolated from Japanese horse mackerel (Trachurus japonicus).
V. harveyi is a possible opportunistic pathogen. Formerly V. trachuri strains causes vibriosis of “ma-aji’, Japanese horse mackerel
(Trachurus japonicus). Through the intraperitoneal injection or immersion experiments V. trachuri T9210 was proved to be pathogenic
to Japanese horse mackerel.
- J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
- J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Group 5 Facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rods. Subgroup 2 Family Vibrionaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
Determinative Bacteriology, 9-th edition, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 190-194.
- Judith A. Johnson, 2006. Vibrio. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
Edward Arnold Ltd., 1507-1523.
- Yoshihisa Iwamoto, Yusaku Suzuki, Akinobu Kurita, Yoko Watanabe, Tadayori Shimizu, Hirohisa Ohgami and Yasutake
Yanagihara: Vibrio trachuri Sp. Nov., a New Species Isolated from Diseased Japanese Horse Mackerel. MICROBIOLOGY and
IMMUNOLOGY Vol.39 , No.11(1995) pp.831-837.
- Thompson, F. L., Hoste, B., Vandemeulebroecke, K., Engelbeen, K., Denys, R., Swings, J. Vibrio trachuri Iwamoto et al. 1995 is a
junior synonym of Vibrio harveyi (Johnson and Shunk 1936) Baumann et al. 1981.Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2002 52: 973-976.
Positive results for indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1% NaCl), methyl red (1% NaCl), citrate utilization (Simmons), lysine (1% NaCl), acid
production from D-glucose, maltose, nitrate reduction to nitrite & oxidase.
Negative results for esculin hydrolysis, ONPG test, Voges-Proskauer (1% NaCl), H2S on TSI, urea hydrolysis, arginine (1% NaCl),
ornithine (1% NaCl), gas production from D-glucose, acid production from D-adonitol, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, dulcitol, glycerol,
myo-inositol, lactose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, salicin, D-sorbitol & D-xylose.
Variable results for lipase, gelatin hydrolysis (1%NaCl, 22 °C), acid production from cellobiose, D-galactose, D-mannitol,
D-mannose, melibiose, sucrose & trehalose.
(c) Costin Stoica