Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio diabolicus
Raguenes, Christen, Guezennec, Pignet and Barbier 1997.
Gram-negative, small cells, 0.8-2.2 μm, motile by a single polar flagellum when it is
grown in liquid media. Cells swarm on solid medium by means of many lateral
flagella. Not luminescent and not pigmented.
Produce a novel exopolysaccharide in medium with glucose.
After 3 days of growth, colonies on Marine 2216 Agar containing glucose are
swarming and about 0.9 cm in diameter (they are 0.2 cm in diameter without sugar).
Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1-5% NaCl. No growth occurs without seawater base.
Medium used: Marine 2216 Agar (Difco) supplemented with glucose (30 g/liter).
Growth temperature 20-45 °C. No growth at 4 ºC. Facultative anaerobe.
Does not accumulate polyhydroxybutyrate.
Isolated from the polychaete annelid Alvinella pompejana from a deep-sea hydrothermal vent in the East Pacific Rise.
- J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
- Raguenes, Gerard, Christen, Richard, Guezennec, Jean, Pignet, Patricia, Barbier, Georges: Vibrio diabolicus sp. nov., a New
Polysaccharide-Secreting Organism Isolated from a Deep-Sea Hydrothermal Vent Polychaete Annelid, Alvinella pompejana. Int J
Syst Bacteriol 1997 47: 989-995.
Positive for catalase, oxidase, chitinase, nitrate reduction to nitrite, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, tryptophan
deaminase, indole production, gelatinase, glucose fermentation, mannitol fermentation, sucrose fermentation, amygdalin
fermentation. Susceptible to vibriostatic agent 0/129.
Negative for the utilization of erythritol, D-arabinose, L-xylose, adonitol, sorbose, rhamnose, dulcitol, inositol, sorbitol, alpha-methyl-
-D-mannoside, alpha-methyl-D-glucoside, lactose, melibiose, inulin, raffinose, xylitol, D-turanose, D-lyxose, D-tagatose, D-fucose,
L-fucose, DL-arabitol, 2-ketogluconate, 5-ketogluconate, reduction of nitrates to nitrogen, urease activity, beta-glucosidase activity,
utilization of adipate and phenylacetate, arginine dihydrolase activity, citrate utilization, H2S production, urease activity, acetoin
production, and fermentation of inositol, sorbitol, rhamnose, melibiose & arabinose, cystine arylamidase, naphthol-AS-BI-
phosphohydrolase, alpha-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase,
alpha-mannosidase & alpha-fucosidase activities (API tests).
(c) Costin Stoica