Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio, Vibrio areninigrae
Chang, Roh, Kim, Nam, Jeon, Oh and Bae, 2008.
(One strain isolated and tested - J74)
Slightly curved and rod shaped, 0.5-0.8 x 2.0-3.0 µm in 3 days cultures at 30 ºC on
marine agar. Motile by at least one polar flagellum per cell.
Colonies are circular to slightly irregular, smooth, low-convex, pale-yellow and 2-3.5
mm in diameter after incubation for 3 days on marine agar. Can grow in nutrient broth
with: 1-7.5% NaCl. No growth in 0% NaCl, 8% NaCl, 10% NaCl & 12% NaCl.
Can grow at pH 5-10. Grows at 4-45 ºC. Facultative anaerobe.
Isolated from black sand from Soesoggak, Jeju island, Korea. Sensitive to vibriostatic agent O/129.
- H.W. Chang, S.W. Roh, K.H. Kim, Y.D. Nam, C.O. Jeon, H. M. Oh and J.W. Bae, 2008. Vibrio areninigrae sp. nov., a marine bacterium
isolated from black sand.IJSEM 58, 1903-1906.
Positive results for indole production, nitrate reduction to nitrite, oxidase, catalase, acid production from D-glucose (without gas),
alkaline phosphatase, esterase lipase (C8), leucine arylamidase, valine arylamidase, trypsin, acid phosphatase, naphthol-
AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, alpha-mannosidase, utilization of: glycogen, Tween 80, N-acetyl-D-glucosamine, D-fructose, gentiobiose,
alpha-D-glucose, maltose, D-mannitol, melibiose, sucrose, trehalose, inosine, glucose 1-phosphate & glucose 6-phosphate.
Negative results for urea hydrolysis, arginine dihydrolase, esterase (C4), lipase (C14), cystine arylamidase, alpha-glucosidase,
beta-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, alpha-chymotrypsin, alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-
glucuronidase & alpha- fucosidase.
No utilization of: alpha-cyclodextrin, dextrin, Tween 40, L-arabinose, D-arabitol, N-acetyl-D- galactosamine, adonitol, cellobiose,
L-erythritol, L-fucose, D-galactose, myo-inositol, alpha-D-lactose, lactulose, D-mannose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, D-psicose,
raffinose, L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, turanose, xylitol, methyl pyruvate, monomethyl succinate, acetic acid, cis-aconitic acid, citric acid,
formic acid, D-galactonic acid lactone, D-galacturonic acid, D-gluconic acid, D-glucosaminic acid, D-glucuronic acid, alpha-, beta- or
gamma-hydroxybutyric acids, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, itaconic acid, alpha-ketobutyric acid, alpha-ketoglutaric acid,
alpha-ketovaleric acid, DL-lactic acid, malonic acid, propionic acid, quinic acid, D-saccharic acid, sebacic acid, succinic acid,
bromosuccinic acid, succinamic acid, glucuronamide, alaninamide, D- & L-alanine, L-alanyl glycine, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid,
L-glutamic acid, glycyl L-aspartic acid, glycyl L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, hydroxy-L-proline, L-leucine, L-ornithine, L-phenylalanine,
L-proline, L-pyroglutamic acid, D- & L-serine, L-threonine, DL-carnitine, gamma-aminobutyric acid, urocanic acid, uridine, thymidine,
phenylethylamine, putrescine, 2-aminoethanol, 2,3-butanediol, glycerol & DL-alpha-glycerol phosphate.
(c) Costin Stoica