Vibrio (Listonella) anguillarum
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Vibrionales, Family Vibrionaceae, Genus Vibrio,Vibrio anguillarum  
Bergman 1909. Is very closely related with V. ordelii.

Historical synonyms:
Listonella anguillarum (Bergman 1909) MacDonell and Colwell 1986, Listonella anguillara (Bergman 1909)
MacDonell and Colwell 1985, Vibrio piscium David 1927, Achromobacter ichthyodermis  Wells and ZoBell 1934, Pseudomonas
ichthyodermis
(Wells and ZoBell) ZoBell and Upham 1944, Vibrio piscium var. japonicus  Hoshina 1957, Vibrio ichthyodermis (Wells
and ZoBell) Shewan, Hobbs and Hodgkiss 1960.
Gram-negative, curved  rods, motile by 1 or more flagella. No lateral flagella on solid
media, no swarming on solid media.
Can grow in nutrient broth with: 1% & 6% NaCl. No growth in 0%,  8%, 10% & 12%
NaCl. Growth occurs at  30 & 35 ºC. No growth at 4 or 40 ºC.
Facultative anaerobe. Hemolysis on horse blood agar.
Found in water, marine fish and shellfish. Sensible to O/129 vibriostatic agent (10 & 150 µg).
Is the causative agent of epizootic disease in marine fish and shellfish, producing the terminal hemorrhagic and septicemia in eels,
ayu, rainbow trout, salmonids.
Multiflagellate forms are correlated with virulence.
  1. J.J. Farmer, M. Janda, 2004. Family I. Vibrionaceae. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
    B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 491-546.
  2. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Group 5 Facultatively anaerobic Gram-negative rods. Subgroup 2 Family Vibrionaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9-th edition, Williams & Wilkins. pp. 190-194.
  3. Judith A. Johnson, 2006. Vibrio. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10th edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd., 1507-1523.
  4. Henrik Chart: Multiflagellate Variants of Vibrio anguillarum.  Journal of General Microbiology (1983), 129, 2193-2197.
Voges-Proskauer (1% NaCl), arginine (1% NaCl / 7 days), gelatin hydrolysis (1% NaCl,
22 ºC), acid production from D-glucose, D-mannose, D-sorbitol, sucrose, nitrate
reduced to nitrite, oxidase & lipase are positive.

Lysine (1% NaCl), ornithine (1% NaCl), gas production from D-glucose, acid production from D-adonitol, D-arabitol, dulcitol,
myo-inositol, lactose, melibiose, raffinose, L-rhamnose, salicin & D-xylose are negative.

Indole (Heart Infusion Broth, 1% NaCl), acid pro
duction from L-arabinose, cellobiose, D-galactose, D-mannitol, maltose & trehalose
are variable.
(c) Costin Stoica
Antibiogram
Encyclopedia
Culture media
Biochemical tests
Stainings
Images
Movies
Articles
Identification
Software
R E G N U M
PROKARYOTAE
Previous page
Back