(c) Costin Stoica
Salinicoccus alkaliphilus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Bacillales, Family Staphylococcaceae, Genus Salinicoccus, Salinicoccus alkaliphilus Zhang
et al. 2002.
Gram-positive cocci, 0.5-0.8 μm, occuring singly or in pairs, tetrads or clumps. Non-
motile. Non-spore-forming.
Colonies are round, smooth, and slightly convex with pinkish color and non-diffusible
pigment. Alkaliphilic; growth occurs at pH 6.5-11.5; optimum at pH 9.5. Moderately
halophilic; growth occurs in media containing 0-25% NaCl; optimum 10% NaCl.
Growth at 10-49 ºC; optimal growth at 32 ºC.
Isolated from Baer Soda Lake in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China.
Undetermined.
  1. Weizhou Zhang,  Yanfen Xue,  Yanhe Ma,  Peijin Zhou,  Antonio Ventosa, William D Grant: Salinicoccus alkaliphilus sp. nov., a
    novel alkaliphile and moderate halophile from Baer Soda Lake in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, China. Int J Syst Evol
    Microbiol, May 2002 52: 789-793.
  2. Mi-Ja Jung,  Min-Soo Kim,  Seong Woon Roh,  Kee-Sun Shin, Jin-Woo Bae: Salinicoccus carnicancri sp. nov., a halophilic
    bacterium isolated from a Korean fermented seafood. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol, March 2010 60: 653-658.
Positive results for aesculin hydrolysis, catalase, nitrate reduction, oxidase, urease,
acid production from D-glucose, D-mannitol & trehalose.
Can utilize as sole carbon and energy sources: adonitol, D-arabinose, dulcitol,
creatinine, esculin, lactose, D-fructose, erythritol, inulin, meso-erythritol, D-melibiose,  D-mannose, D-sorbitol, stachyose, ribose,
mannitol, D-galactose, D-cellobiose, glycogen, alpha-L-rhamnose, sorbose, trehalose & D-xylose.

Negative results for casein hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, H
2S production, indole production, methyl red, starch hydrolysis, Tween 80,
60 and 20 hydrolysis, Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: D-arabinose, maltose, galactose, fructose, sucrose, glycerol &
D-xylose.
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