Burkholderia plantarii
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Burkholderiaceae, Genus Burkholderia,  
Burkholderia plantarii  
Urakami et al. 1994.
Old synonym:
Pseudomonas plantarii  Azegami et al. 1987.

According to Coenye et al. 1999,
Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 is a later heterotypic synonym of Burkholderia plantarii
(Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994.
Gram-negative, non-capsulated, straight rods, 0.7-1.0 x 1.4-1.9 µm, motile with one to
three polar flagella. Grouping in pairs, short chains or singly.
Colonies are translucent, glistening, convex, and round with entire edges and a
smooth surface having a slight yellow tint. Colonies weakly produce a water-soluble
reddish brown pigment depending on conditions of the culture and media. No
fluorescent pigment produced. No levan production from sucrose. Accumulates poly-
beta-hydroxybutyrate. Can grow in Cohn’s, Fermi’s, and Uschinsky’s solutions.
Tolerates 3% but not 5% NaCl. Does not require an organic growth factor. Growth
temperature 4 to 38 ºC, optimum 32-35 ºC.
Isolated from rice seedlings and from bed soil in nursery boxes in Japan.
Does not rot potato tuber slices. Tobacco hypersensitivity reaction is negative.
The strain previously named
Burkholderia vandii was isolated from Vanda species (orchid) as an antibiotic-producing bacterium
active against
Clavibacter michiganensis subsp. michiganensis.
Is the causal agent of rice deedling blight; produce tropolone (the disease-causing substance) and a reddish brown pigment which
was considered to be a derivative of the substance.
  1. Azegami, Koji, Nishiyama, Koushi, Watanabe, Yasumasa, Kadota, Ikuo, Ohuchi, Akira, Fukazawa, Chikafusa. Pseudomonas
    plantarii sp. nov., the Causal Agent of Rice Seedling Blight. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1987 37: 144-152 .
  2. Coenye, T., Holmes, B., Kersters, K., Govan, J. R. W., Vandamme, P. Burkholderia cocovenenans (van Damme et al. 1960) Gillis
    et al. 1995 and Burkholderia vandii Urakami et al. 1994 are junior synonyms of Burkholderia gladioli (Severini 1913) Yabuuchi et
    al. 1993 and Burkholderia plantarii (Azegami et al. 1987) Urakami et al. 1994, respectively. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999 49: 37-42.
  3. George M. Garrity, Julia A. Bell and Timothy Lilburn: Class II. Betaproteobacteria, Order I. Burkholderiales in: Bergey's Manual of
    Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),
    2005, 575-623.
  4. Teizi Urakami, Chieko Ito-Yoshida, Hisaya Araki, Toshio Kijima, Ken-Ichiro Suzuki, and Kazuo Komagata: Transfer of
    Pseudomonas plantarii and Pseudomonas glumae to Burkholderia as Burkholderia spp. and Description of Burkholderia vandii
    sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol April 1994 44:235-245.
Positive for oxidase, catalase, gelatin liquefaction, lecithinase, denitrification, nitrates reduction, Tween 80 hydolysis, casein
hydrolysis, urease, acid and no gas production from: D-glucose, D-galactose, D-fructose, D-xylose, mannitol, sorbitol, D- &
L-arabinose, D-mannose, meso-inositol, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, cellobiose, melibiose, salicin, galactitol, n-propanol & glycerol.

Positive for the utilization of saccharate, malonate, acetate, citrate, DL-beta-hydroxybutyrate, L-arginine, lactate, p-hydroxybenzoate,
glycolate, citraconate, nicotinate, mesaconate, betaine, L-valine, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, melibiose, galactitol, n-propanol, D- and
L-arabinose, propionate, 2- and 5-ketogluconate, D-arabitol, L-serine & L-leucine.

Negative for lysine and ornithine decarboxylase, starch, esculin, or arbutin hydrolysis, arginine dihydrolase, phenylalanine
deaminase, Voges-Proskauer, methyl red, indole production, H
2S production, beta-galactosidase, no acid production from: maltose,
lactose, sucrose, trehalose, melezitose, raffinose, inulin, starch, dextrin, erythritol, adonitol, geraniol & 2,3-butylene glycol.

No utilization of erythritol, D-tartrate, meso-tartrate, tryptamine, alpha-amylamine, beta-alanine, benzoate, m-hydroxybenzoate,
trigonelline, levulinate, adonitol, raffinose, lactose, trehalose, benzoate, levulinate, sucrose, maltose, L-arabitol, valerate & glycine.
(c) Costin Stoica
Culture media
Biochemical tests
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