Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pseudomonadales, Family Pseudomonadaceae, Genus Pseudomonas,
Pseudomonas lurida Behrendt et al. 2007.
Gram-negative, non-spore-forming rods, motile by means of one polar flagellum.
Colonies are smooth with regular margins and white–yellowish on King’s A & B
medium. Produce a pigment showing a light yellow–green fluorescence by irradiation
with UV-light at 350 nm.
Optimal growth temperature is 21 ºC. At 4 ºC growth can be observed, but not at 41ºC.
Isolated from the grass phyllosphere.
Unknown. No ice nucleation activity.
- Behrendt, Undine, Ulrich, Andreas, Schumann, Peter, Meyer, Jean-Marie, Sproer, Cathrin. Pseudomonas lurida sp. nov., a
fluorescent species associated with the phyllosphere of grasses. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 2007 57: 979-985.
Positive results for catalase, oxidase, arginine dihydrolase, gelatinase, lecithinase,
hydrolysis of casein, Tween 60, assimilation* of: adonitol, L-arabinose, D-arabitol,
D-fructose, D-galactose, alpha-D-glucose, myo-inositol, D-mannitol, D-mannose,
L-rhamnose, D-sorbitol, D-trehalose, methyl pyruvate, monomethyl succinate, acetic
acid, cis-aconitic acid, citric acid, D-galactonic acid lactone, D-galacturonic acid, D-gluconic acid, D-glucosaminic acid, D-glucuronic
acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, itaconic acid, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, DL-lactic acid, malonic acid, propionic acid, quinic acid, D-
saccharic acid, succinic acid, bromosuccinic acid, formic acid, succinamic acid, glucuronamide, L-alaninamide, D-alanine, L-alanine, L-
alanyl glycine, L-asparagine, L-aspartic acid, L-glutamic acid, glycyl L-glutamic acid, L-histidine, hydroxy-L-proline, L-leucine, L-
ornithine, L-proline, L-pyroglutamic acid, L-serine, alpha-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-aminobutyric acid, alpha-ketobutyric acid, alpha-
ketovaleric acid, urocanic acid, inosine, putrescine, 2-aminoethanol, L-threonine, glycerol, D-ribose, L-arabitol, D-xylose, D-lyxose, D-
saccharate, mucate, meso-tartrate, D-malate, L-malate, cis-aconitate, trans-aconitate, citrate, D-galacturonate, 2-keto-D-gluconate, D-
glucuronate, D-gluconate, protocatechuate, beta-hydroxybenzoate, quinate, benzoate, betaine, DL-alpha-amino-N-butyrate, DL-lactate,
caprate, caprylate, succinate, fumarate, glutarate, DL-alpha-amino-N-valerate, ethanolamine, D-glucosamine, itaconate, DL-beta-
hydroxybutyrate, L-aspartate, L-glutamate, malonate, propionate, L-tyrosine & alpha–ketoglutarate.
Negative results for hydrolysis of aesculin and starch, formation of levan from sucrose, DNase, indole production, H2S production,
reduction of nitrate to nitrite, denitrification, assimilation of: alpha-cyclodextrin, dextrin, i-erythritol, D-cellobiose, L-fucose, gentiobiose,
alpha-D-lactose, lactulose, maltose, D-melibiose, methyl beta-D-glucoside, p-hydroxyphenylacetic acid, D-psicose, D-raffinose,
turanose, sebacic acid, L-phenylalanine, thymidine, phenylethylamine, 2,3-butanediol, DL-alpha-glycerol phosphate, glucose 1-
phosphate or glucose 6-phosphate, L-sorbose, maltotriose, 1-O-methyl-beta-galactopyranoside, 1-O-methyl-alpha-galactopyranoside,
D-celloboise, 1-O-D-glucopyranoside, palatinose, D-melezitose, dulcitol, D-tagatose, maltitol, hydroxyquinoline-beta-glucuronide, 1-O-
methyl-alpha-D-glucopyranoside, 3-O-methyl-D-glucopyranose, L-tartrate, D-tartrate, tricarballylate, 5-keto-D-gluconate, L-tryptophan,
phenylacetate, gentisate, m-hydroxybenzoate, 3-phenylpropionate, m-coumarate, trigonelline, histamine & tryptamine.
Variable results for Tween 80, utilization of : sucrose, glycogen, xylitol, c-hydroxybutyric acid, glycyl L-aspartic acid, D-serine, DL-carnitine
* Substrate assimilation/utilization was tested on BIOLOG & Biotype 100 systems.
(c) Costin Stoica