Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pseudomonadales, Family Pseudomonadaceae, Genus Pseudomonas,
Pseudomonas indica Pandey et al. 2002.
Gram-negative, motile by a single polar flagellum, non-fluorescent, straight rods, 2-5 x
Colonies are translucent and round with convex surfaces and smooth edges.
Can grow at between 25 and 42 ºC on Luria-Bertani medium, Tryptic soy agar and in
NaCl concentrations up to 2.5%.
Isolated from oil fields (soil) in India. Butane-utilizing strains IMT37T and IMT40 were isolated from soil samples by the enrichment
method, using liquefied petroleum gas as the sole source of carbon.
- Pandey, K. K., Mayilraj, S., Chakrabarti, T. Pseudomonas indica sp. nov., a novel butane-utilizing species. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol
2002 52: 1559-1567.
Has the ability to utilize butane and higher alkanes as well as other hydrocarbons such
as p-hydroxybenzoate and protocatechuate.
Positive results for starch hydrolysis, tyrosine degradation, catalase, oxidase, acid
production from: arabinose, sucrose, mannitol, maltose & glucose under oxidative
conditions. Can utilize glucose, L-arabinose, maltose, mannitol, Simmons' citrate, betaine, pimelic acid, sodium gluconate, sodium
pyruvate, 2-ketogluconate, sebacic acid, adipic acid, DL-alanine, L-malic acid, L-arginine, L-serine, L -valine, L-histidine,
L-phenylalanine & ethanol.
Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, ornithine decarboxylase, urease, indole production, methyl red test, Voges-Proskauer test,
gelatin hydrolysis, acid production from: rhamnose, salicin, D-galactose, D-mannose, lactose, raffinose, inositol, fructose, xylose,
adonitol, mannose, trehalose, sorbitol, cellobiose, inulin & dulcitol.
Cannot utilize tartrate, geraniol, D-ribose, D-xylose, D-arabinose, D-mannose, raffinose, tryptamine & nicotinic acid.
Variable results for casein hydrolysis, lysine decarboxylase, acid production from: melibiose, inulin, galactose & xylose, utilization of
D-xylose, sucrose & fructose.
(c) Costin Stoica