Caballeronia glathei
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Burkholderiaceae, Genus Caballeronia,
Caballeronia glathei
Dobritsa and Samadpour 2016, comb. nov., type species of the genus.
Pseudomonas glathei  Zolg and Ottow 1975, Burkholderia glathei (Zolg and Ottow 1975) Viallard et al. 1998,
Paraburkholderia glathei Sawana et al. 2015.
Rods to oval cocci, 0.5-0.7 / 1.5 μm, motile by a polar flagellum. Diffusible pigments
are not produced.
Optimal growth temperature 30-37 ºC. Can grow at 40 ºC. Capable of growth in
nitrogen-deficient media, but acetylene reduction by cells grown under those
conditions is negative. Acid tolerant (pH 4.5).
Soil bacteria. Isolated from a fossil lateritic soil in Germany.
  1. Achouak, Wafa, Christen, Richard, Barakat, Mohamed, Martel, Marie-Helene, Heulin, Thierry. Burkholderia caribensis sp. nov., an
    exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from vertisol microaggregates in Martinique. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999 49: 787-
  2. Viallard, Veronique, Poirier, Isabelle, Cournoyer, Benoit, Haurat, Jacqueline, Wiebkin, Sue, Ophel-Keller, Kathy, Balandreau,
    Jacques. Burkholderia graminis sp. nov., a rhizospheric Burkholderia species, and reassessment of [Pseudomonas]
    phenazinium, [Pseudomonas] pyrrocinia and [Pseudomonas] glathei as Burkholderia. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998 48: 549-563.
  3. George M. Garrity, Julia A. Bell and Timothy Lilburn: Class II. Betaproteobacteria, Order I. Burkholderiales in: Bergey's Manual of
    Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),
    2005, 575-623.
  4. Sawana, A., Adeolu, M. and Gupta, R.S. 2014. Molecular signatures and phylogenomic analysis of the genus Burkholderia:
    proposal for division of this genus into the emended genus Burkholderia containing pathogenic organisms and a new genus
    Paraburkholderia gen. nov. harboring environmental species. Front. Genet., 5, 429.
  5. Dobritsa, A. P. and Samadpour, M. 2016. Transfer of eleven species of the genus Burkholderia to the genus Paraburkholderia and
    proposal of Caballeronia gen. nov. to accommodate twelve species of the genera Burkholderia and Paraburkholderia Int. J. Syst.
    Evol. Microbiol., 66, 2836-2846.
  6. Vandamme, P., De Brandt, E., Houf, K., Salles, J. F., Dirk Van Elsas, J., Spilker, T. and Lipuma, J. J. 2013. Burkholderia humi sp.
    nov., Burkholderia choica sp. nov., Burkholderia telluris sp. nov., Burkholderia terrestris sp. nov. and Burkholderia udeis sp. nov.:
    Burkholderia glathei-like bacteria from soil and rhizosphere soil. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4707-4718.
  7. TianY., Kong B.H., Liu S.L., Li C.L., Yu R., Liu L. and Li Y.H.: Burkholderia grimmiae sp. nov., isolated from a xerophilous moss
    (Grimmia montana). Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2013, 63, 2108-2113.
  8. Peeters, C., Meier-Kolthoff, J. P., Verheyde, B., De Brandt, E., Cooper, V. S. and Vandamme, P. 2016. Phylogenomic study of
    Burkholderia glathei-like organisms, proposal of 13 novel Burkholderia species and emended descriptions of Burkholderia
    sordidicola, Burkholderia zhejiangensis, and Burkholderia grimmiae. Front. Microbiol. 7, 877.
  9. Lim Y.W., Baik K.S., Han S.K., Kim S.B. and Bae K.S.: Burkholderia sordidicola sp. nov., isolated from the white-rot fungus
    Phanerochaete sordida. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2003, 53, 1631-1636.
Oxidase reaction positive. Tributyrin, urea, and hippurate are hydrolyzed. Nitrate is
reduced to nitrite.
Can utilize arabinose, citrate, fructose, mannose, mannitol, N-acetylglucosamine, phenylacetate, glucose, inositol, lactose, melibiose,
L-rhamnose, D-ribose, D(-)-tartrate, meso-tartrate, sorbitol, D-xylose, glycine, L-serine, L-isoleucine, L-methionine, D- and L-alanine,
beta-alanine, oxalate, gluconate, D-arabitol, caprate, citrate, malate, L-valine, 2- and 5-ketogluconate.

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, denitrification, H
2S production, indole production, urease, beta glactosidase, hydrolysis of
starch, gelatin, lecithin (egg yolk reaction), esculin, polypectate, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, tryptophan deaminase,
methyl red test.
No utilization of L-leucine, m-hydroxybenzoate, raffinose, D-trehalose, sucrose, maltose, starch, glycogen, erythritol, adipate, valerate,
acetic acid & propionic acid.

Adonitol utilization is variable.
(c) Costin Stoica
Culture media
Biochemical tests
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