Burkholderia (Pseudomonas)  glathei
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
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Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Burkholderiaceae, Genus Burkholderia,
Burkholderia glathei
(Zolg and Ottow 1975) Viallard et al. 1998, comb. nov.
Synonyms:
Pseudomonas glathei  Zolg and Ottow 1975.
Rods to oval cocci, 0.5-0.7 / 1.5 μm, motile by a polar flagellum. Diffusible pigments
are not produced.
Optimal growth temperature 30-37 ºC. Can grow at 40 ºC. Capable of growth in
nitrogen-deficient media, but acetylene reduction by cells grown under those
conditions is negative. Acid tolerant (pH 4.5).
Soil bacteria. Isolated from a fossil lateritic soil in Germany.
Undetermined.
  1. Achouak, Wafa, Christen, Richard, Barakat, Mohamed, Martel, Marie-Helene, Heulin, Thierry. Burkholderia caribensis sp. nov., an
    exopolysaccharide-producing bacterium isolated from vertisol microaggregates in Martinique. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1999 49: 787-
    794.
  2. Viallard, Veronique, Poirier, Isabelle, Cournoyer, Benoit, Haurat, Jacqueline, Wiebkin, Sue, Ophel-Keller, Kathy, Balandreau,
    Jacques. Burkholderia graminis sp. nov., a rhizospheric Burkholderia species, and reassessment of [Pseudomonas]
    phenazinium, [Pseudomonas] pyrrocinia and [Pseudomonas] glathei as Burkholderia. Int J Syst Bacteriol 1998 48: 549-563.
  3. George M. Garrity, Julia A. Bell and Timothy Lilburn: Class II. Betaproteobacteria, Order I. Burkholderiales in: Bergey's Manual of
    Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),
    2005, 575-623.
Oxidase reaction positive. Tributyrin, urea, and hippurate are hydrolyzed. Nitrate is
reduced to nitrite. Positive results for the utilization of arabinose, fructose, mannose, mannitol, glucose, inositol, lactose, melibiose,
L-rhamnose, D-ribose, D(-)-tartrate, meso-tartrate, sorbitol, D-xylose, glycine, L-serine, L-isoleucine, L-methionine, D- and L-alanine,
beta-alanine, oxalate, gluconate, D-arabitol, caprate, citrate, malate,
L-valine, 2- and 5-ketogluconate.

Negative results for indole production (API 20NE), urease (API 20NE), beta glactosidase (API 20NE), hydrolysis of starch, gelatin,
lecithin (egg yolk reaction), esculin, and polypectate. Arginine dihydrolase, denitrification and H
2S production are negative. Negative for
the utilization of m-hydroxybenzoate, raffinose, D-trehalose, sucrose, maltose, starch, glycogen, erythritol
, adipate, valerate.

Adonitol utilization is variable.
(c) Costin Stoica
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