Cannot utilize amygdalin, n-acetylglucosamine, arbutin, cellobiose, L-fucose, gentibiose, glucosamine, 5-ketogluconate, maltose,
melibiose, raffinose, salicin, sucrose, tagatose, D-xylose, L-arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol, xylitol, aconitate, adipate, azelate, butyrate,
caprate, caproate, caprylate, citraconate,glutarate,glycolate, heptanoate, isobutyrate, isovalerateitaconate, levulinate,
malonate,mesaconate, oxalate, pelargonate, pimelate, propionate, sebacate, suberate, valerate, tartrate, beta alanine, L-arginine,
L-citrulline, glycine, L-histidine, L-isoleucine, L-leucine, L-lysine, L-norleucine,  norvaline, L-ornithine, L-phenylalanine, L-treonine,
L-tryptophan, L-tyrosine, L-valine, betaine, butylamine, histamine, sarcosine, spermine, tryptamine & benzoate.
Burkholderia andropogonis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Growth conditions
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Betaproteobacteria, Order Burkholderiales, Family Burkholderiaceae, Genus Burkholderia,
Burkholderia andropogonis  
Stapp 1928.

Synonyms:
Pseudomonas andropogonis (Smith 191 1) Stapp1928, Pseudomonas stizolobii (Wolf 1920) Stapp 1935; Aplanobacter
stizolobii
(Wolf 1920); Pseudomonas woodsii (Smith 1911) Stevens 1925.
Gram-negative, slender rods with rounded ends, 0.5-0.7 x 1-2 μm, with one or rarely
two polar flagella.
Butyrous to viscid colonies. No fluorescent pigment produced.
Obligately aerobic, optimal growth temperature 30-35 ºC. Can grow at 40 ºC.
Isolated from plants.
Pathogenic for sorghum (causes bacterial stripe of sorghum), corn, clover, carnation highbush blueberry and velvet bean (leaf spot
disease).
  1. Monique Gillis, Tran  Van Van, Rene Bardin, Mart Goor, Prakash Hebbar, Anne Willems, Paul Segers, Karel Kersters, Thierry
    Heulin & Maria P. Fernandez: Polyphasic Taxonomy in the Genus Burkholderia Leading to an Emended Description of the Genus
    and Proposition of Burkholderia vietnamiensis sp. nov. for N2-Fixing Isolates from Rice in Vietnam. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., Apr
    1995; 45: 274 - 289.
  2. Bergey's Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, vol. 2, part C: The Alpha-, Beta-, Delta-, and Epsilonproteobacteria.  Class II.
    Betaproteobacteria, Order I. Burkholderiales, 575-623.
  3. Tom Coenye, Severine Laevens, Monique Gillis and Peter Vandamme: Genotypic and chemotaxonomic evidence for the
    reclassification of Pseudomonas woodsii (Smith 1911) Stevens 1925 as Burkholderia andropogonis (Smith 1911) Gillis et al.
    1995. International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology (2001), 51, 183–185.
Starch hydrolysis is weak positive. Can utilize: arabinose, lactose, D-lyxose, ribose,
adonitol, D-arabitol, citrate, alpha-ketoglutarate glucose, glycerol, inositol, galactose,
sorbitol, mannitol & L-cysteine.

Arginine dihydrolase, denitrification, gelatin hydrolysis, lipolysis & oxidase are
negative.
(c) Costin Stoica
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