Avibacterium volantium
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Pasteurella,
Avibacterium volantium Blackall, Christensen, Beckenham, Blackall and Bisgaard, 2005.
Basonym:
Pasteurella volantium Mutters, Piechulla, Hinz and Mannheim, 1985.
Gram-negative, usually  cocoid cells, nonmotile.
Smooth, convex, nonhemolytic  colonies. May produce  yellowish pigments.
Mesophilic, facultatively aerobic, V-factor dependent.
Growth on MacConkey is negative.
Isolated from the wattles of domestic fowl, one strain has been isolated from human tongue.
Unknown.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004. Genus I. Pasteurella. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 857-866.
  2. W.M. Janda, R. Mutters, 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
    miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9-edition, Williams & Wilkins.
  4. P.J.Blackall, H.Christensen,T. Beckenham, L.Blackall and M.Bisgaard, 2005. Reclassification of Pasteurella gallinarum,
    [Haemophilus] paragallinarum, Pasteurella avium and Pasteurella volantium as Avibacterium gallinarum gen. nov., comb. nov.,
    Avibacterium paragallinarum comb. nov., Avibacterium avium comb. nov. and Avibacterium volantium comb. nov.International
    Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55, 353-362.
Nitrate reduction, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, mannitol, fructose,
galactose, glucose (acid), mannose, ONPG, maltose, sucrose (saccharose),
trehalose, dextrin, α-glucosidase (PNPG) = positive.

Gelatinase, H
2S (TSI), Voges Proskauer, urease, arginine dehydrolase, indole,
glycerol, lysine decarboxylase, xylitol, dulcitol, meso-inositol, gas from glucose,
rhamnose, sorbose, cellobiose, melibiose, raffinose, inulin, esculin, salicin =
negative.

Ornithine decarboxylase, arabinose, xylose, sorbitol, fucose, lactose = variable.
(c) Costin Stoica
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