Avibacterium volantium
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Pasteurella,
Avibacterium volantium Blackall, Christensen, Beckenham, Blackall and Bisgaard, 2005.
Basonym:
Pasteurella volantium Mutters, Piechulla, Hinz and Mannheim, 1985.
Gram-negative, usually  cocoid cells, nonmotile.
Smooth, convex, nonhemolytic  colonies. May produce yellowish pigments.
Mesophilic, facultatively aerobic, V-factor dependent.
Growth on MacConkey is negative.
Isolated from the wattles of domestic fowl, one strain has been isolated from human tongue.
Unknown.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004. Genus I. Pasteurella. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition, Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 857-866.
  2. W.M. Janda, R. Mutters, 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
    miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. J. G. Holt et al., 1994. Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods. Subgroup 3. Family Pasteurellaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9th-edition, Williams & Wilkins, pp 194-196.
  4. P.J.Blackall, H.Christensen,T. Beckenham, L.Blackall and M.Bisgaard, 2005. Reclassification of Pasteurella gallinarum,
    [Haemophilus] paragallinarum, Pasteurella avium and Pasteurella volantium as Avibacterium gallinarum gen. nov., comb. nov.,
    Avibacterium paragallinarum comb. nov., Avibacterium avium comb. nov. and Avibacterium volantium comb. nov.International
    Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology, 55, 353-362.
Positive results for nitrate reduction, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, alpha-
-
glucosidase, ONPG, acid production from: mannitol, fructose, galactose, glucose
(without gas)
, mannose, maltose, sucrose, trehalose & dextrin.

Negative results for gelatinase, H
2S production (TSI), Voges Proskauer, urease, arginine dehydrolase, indole production, glycerol,
lysine decarboxylase, xylitol, dulcitol, meso-inositol, rhamnose, sorbose, cellobiose, melibiose, raffinose, inulin, esculin & salicin.

Variable results for ornithine decarboxylase, arabinose, xylose, sorbitol, fucose, lactose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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