Phocoenobacter uteri
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Phocoenobacter,  
Phocoenobacter uteri  Foster et al. 2000, type species of the genus.
Gram-negative, pleomorphic rods, nonmmotile.
Colonies on CSBA are circular, entire, low convex, smooth, grey and attain a diameter
of 0.5 mm after 48 h aerobic incubation at 37 ºC. Nonhemolytic. Growth is poor or
absent on media without blood or serum. No growth on MacConkey agar. Neither X
nor V factors are required for growth.
Growth occurs at 22 ºC but not at 42 ºC. Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from the uterus of a harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena).
Unknown.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004. Genus I. Pasteurella. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 857-866.
  2. Foster G., Ross H.M., Malnick H., Willems A., Hutson R.A., Reid R.J. & Collins M.D.: Phocoenobacter uteri gen. nov., sp. nov., a
    new member of the family Pasteurellaceae Pohl (1979) 1981 isolated from a harbour porpoise (Phocoena phocoena). Int. J. Syst.
    Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 135-139.
Positive results for oxidase, Voges-Proskauer, beta-galactosidase, nitrate reduction
(but not nitrites), alkaline phosphatase, esterase lipase, acid phosphatase,
naphthol-AS-BI-phosphohydrolase, acid production from glucose.

Negative results for catalase, arginine dihydrolase, ornithine decarboxylase,lysine
decarboxylase, urease, indole, acid production from: adonitol, dulcitol, galactose,
inositol, inulin, lactose, maltose, mannitol, mannose, melibiose, raffinose, rhamnose,
salicin, sorbitol, sucrose, trehalose & xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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