Pasteurella stomatis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Pasteurella, Pasteurella
stomatis
Mutters, Ihm, Pohl, Frederiksen and Mannheim 1985.
Gram-negative, cocoid to rod cells, bipolar staining, nonmotile.
On blood containing solid media small colonies of about 1 mm in diameter with
graish or semitranslucent appearance are formed. Non-hemolytic, facultatively
aerobic, V-factor independent.
Growth on MacConkey is negative.
Optimum temperature is 36 ºC.
Occurs in  the oral cavity or respiratory tract  of dogs and cats .
Isolated from wound infections in humans resulting from dog and cat bites.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004. Genus I. Pasteurella. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition, Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 857-866.
  2. W.M. Janda, R. Mutters, 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
    miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. J. G. Holt et al., 1994. Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods. Subgroup 3. Family Pasteurellaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9th-edition, Williams & Wilkins, pp 194-196.
Positive results for alpha-glucosidase, nitrates reduction, oxidase, alkaline
phosphatase, catalase, indole
production, acid production from: D(-) fructose,
D(+) galactose, D(+) glucose (without gas), D(+) mannose, sucrose & trehalose.

Negative results for ONPG, gelatinase, H
2S production (TSI), Voges-Proskauer, urease, arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase,
ornithine decarboxylase,
acid production from: glycerol,  xylitol, L(+) arabinose,  D(-) arabinose, D(+) xylose, dulcitol, meso-inositol,
manitol, D(-) sorbitol,  L(-) fucose, L(+) rhamnose, L(-) sorbose, cellobiose, lactose, maltose, D(+) melibiose, raffinose, dextrin, inulin,
esculin & salicin.
(c) Costin Stoica
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