Pasteurella stomatis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
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Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Pasteurella, Pasteurella
stomatis
Mutters, Ihm, Pohl, Frederiksen and Mannheim 1985.
Gram-negative, cocoid to rod cells, bipolar staining, nonmotile.
On blood containing solid media small colonies of about 1 mm in diameter with
graish or semitranslucent appearance are formed. Non-hemolytic, facultatively
aerobic, V-factor independent.
Growth on MacConkey is negative.
Optimum temperature is 36 ºC.
Occurs in  the oral cavity or respiratory tract  of dogs and cats .
Germs have been isolated from  wound  infections in  humans resulting from dog  and cat bites.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004.Genus I.Pasteurella . In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),   pp. 857-866.
  2. W.M. Janda, R. Mutters  , 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
    miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. J. G.Holt et al., 1994.Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9-edition, Williams & Wilkins.
Nitrates reduction, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, indole, D(-) fructose, -D
(+) galactose, D(+) glucose (acid), D(+) mannose, sucrose (saccharose), trehalose,
α-glucosidase (PNPG) = positive.

Gelatinase, H
2S (TSI), Voges-Proskauer, urease, arginine dehydrolase, lysine
decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, glycerol,  xylitol, L(+) arabinose,  D(-)
arabinose, D(+) xylose, dulcitol, meso-inositol, manitol, D(-) sorbitol,  L(-) fucose, gas
from D(+) glucose, L(+) rhamnose, L(-) sorbose, cellobiose, lactose, ONPG, maltose,
D(+) melibiose, raffinose, dextrin, inulin, esculin, salicin = negative.
(c) Costin Stoica
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