Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Actinobacillus,
Actinobacillus scotiae Foster, Ross, Patterson, Hutson and Collins 1998.
Gram-negative, pleomorphic rods, nonmotile, nonsporulated.
Colonies are 0.5 mm. in diameter after 24 h. incubation on Columbia agar
supplemented with 5 % citrated sheep blood and incubated at 37 ºC in an atmosphere
containing 10% added CO2 . Weakly hemolytic.
Facultatively anaerobic. Added CO2 is required for growth. Blood or serum enhances
growth. No growth on MacConkey agar. X and V factors are not required. Growth occurs
at 25 ºC but not at 42 ºC.
Isolated from porpoises (Phocoena phocoena).
One strain was recovered from the brain, lung, spleen, liver, mesenteric lymph node, blood, and small intestine of one animal that
died of septicemia.
- Olsen I., MØller K., 2004. Genus II. Actinobacillus. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part B,
George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 866-883.
- W.M. Janda, R. Mutters, 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
Edward Arnold Ltd.
- Foster G., Ross H.M., Patterson I.A.P., Hutson R.A. & Collins M.D. Actinobacillus scotiae sp. nov., a new member of the family
Pasteurellaceae Pohl (1979) 1981 isolated from porpoises (Phocoena phocoena). Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol., 1998, 48, 929-933.
Nitrates reduction, ONPG, oxidase, Voges-Proskauer, urease, acid from D(+)
glucose, D(+) mannose & lactose are positive.
Catalase, arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, indole, L(+) arabinose,
D(+)xylose, dulcitol, meso-inositol, mannitol, D(-) sorbitol, L(+) rhamnose, maltose,
melibiose, sucrose (saccharose), trehalose, raffinose, salicin & gas from D(+)
glucose are negative.
Ornithine decarboxylase & acid production from D(+) galactose are variable.
(c) Costin Stoica