Gallibacterium salpingitidis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Gallibacterium,  
Gallibacterium salpingitidis
 Bisgaard et al. 2009.
Synonyms:  Bisgaard taxon 2
, Actinobacillus salpingitidis  (Kohlert 1968) Mraz, Vladik and Bohacek 1976.
Gram negative, coccobacilli, 0.4- 2.0 μm , with a tendency for bipolar staining. Longer polymorphic rods and curved filaments occur
Cells appear individually, in pairs, and in short or long chains. Nonmotile.
Colonies are 0.1-1.0 mm in diameter. Facultatively anaerobic. Growth on MacConkey
agar is positive after 48 hours. Hemolysis on sheep blood agar is positive. Optimum
temperature 37 ºC.
Isolated from the respiratory tract and oviduct of clinically healthy domestic fowl. It is a comensal in the respiratory tract and oviduct of
domestic fowl.
Isolated from salpingo-peritonitis in hens and from organs of dead chicks and young turkeys. Independent infections arise on the
basis of previous weakening; the others are of mixed or secondary character (mycoplasmosis, tuberculosis, leukocytosis, parasitic
invfestation).
Is pathogenic for 5-day-old chicks and for white mice. Guinea pigs and rabbits are not susceptible.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004. Genus I. Pasteurella. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition,Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),   pp. 866-883.
  2. Bisgaard, M., Korczak, B. M., Busse, H.-J., Kuhnert, P., Bojesen, A. M. & Christensen, H. (2009). Classification of the taxon 2 and
    taxon 3 complex of Bisgaard within Gallibacterium and description of Gallibacterium melopsittaci sp. nov., Gallibacterium
    trehalosifermentans sp. nov. and Gallibacterium salpingitidis sp. nov. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol 59, 735–744.
Nitrates reduction, oxidase, catalase, glycerol, D(+) xylose, mannitol, D(+) galactose,
D(+) glucose  (acid), D(+) mannose, lactose, sucrose (saccharose), trehalose,
raffinose are positive.

Gelatinase, urease, arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine
decarboxylase,
indole, dulcitol, D(-) sorbitol,  L(+) rhamnose, cellobiose, melibiose, esculin, salicin &
gas from D(+) glucose are negative

L(+) arabinose, meso-inositol, maltose, dextrin & inulin are  variable.
(c) Costin Stoica
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