Actinobacillus porcinus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Actinobacillus,
Actinobacillus porcinus  
Moller, Fussing, Grimont, Paster, Dewhirst and Kilian, 1996.
Gram negative, small rods, 0.2-2.4 µm, non-motile, non-sporulated.
Colonies are translucent to grayish and smooth on chocolate agar; some isolates
grow poorly on chocolate agar (0.2 mm in diameter), others grow readily (0.6 mm).
Hemolysis negative.  V-factor dependent growth.
Isolated from the upper respiratory tracts of pigs , where they constitute part of the residing mucosal flora.
Is not pathogenic to pigs and have a low potential for colonization of the upper respiratory tract of gnotobiotic piglets.
  1. Olsen I., MØller K., 2004. Genus II. Actinobacillus. In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part
    B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),   pp. 866-883.
  2. W.M. Janda, R. Mutters, 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
    miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. Moller K., Fussing V., Grimont P.A.D., Paster B.J., Dewhirst F.E. & Kilian M.: Actinobacillus minor sp. nov., Actinobacillus porcinus
    sp. nov., and Actinobacillus indolicus sp. nov., three new V factor-dependent species from the respiratory tract of pigs. Int. J. Syst.
    Bacteriol., 1996, 46, 951-956.
ONPG  = positive.

Catalase, urease, arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine
decarboxylase, indole, inulin, esculin, salicin & gas from D(+) glucose = negative

Nitrates reduction, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, H
2S production, L(+) arabinose,
D(+) xylose, meso-inositol, mannitol, D(-) sorbitol, D(+) galactose, D(+) glucose
(acid), D(+) mannose, lactose, maltose, melibiose, sucrose (saccharose), trehalose,
starch & raffinose  = variable.
(c) Costin Stoica
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