Haemophilus paraphrohaemolyticus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Haemophilus,  
Haemophilus  paraphrohaemolyticus  
 Zinnemann, Rogers, Frazer and Deveraj 1971.
Gram-negative coccobacilli or rods, occasionally short  filaments.
Colonies on chocolate agar incubated in air supplemented with 10% CO2 are high
convex, granular, yellowish, opaque, 1.0-1.5 mm in diameter within 24 hours; without
CO
2 , the growth is characteristically stunted, with very small colonies interspersed
with a few larger colonies. Beta-hemolysis is produced.
Aerobic, facultatively anaerobic, require V-factor but not X-factor for growth. Require
CO
2 enriched atmosphere. Growth on Mac Conkey agar is negative.
Bacteria has been isolated from human sore throats, ulcers of the mouth, sputum and urethral discharge of adult males.
Unknown.
  1. Mogens Kilian, 2004. Genus III. Haemophilus . In:  Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second edition,Vol two, part B,
    George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief),   pp. 883-904.
  2. Mary P.E. Slack, 2006. Haemophilus. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. J. G.Holt et al., 1994. Begey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, 9-edition, Williams & Wilkins.
  4. Zinnemann K., Biberstein E.L., 1975. Genus Haemophilus. In:Buchanan R.E., Gibbons N.E. (co-editors), Bergey’s  Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, eight edition, The Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore.
Positive results for nitrates reduction, oxidase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, H2S,
urease, acid from D(+) glucose, D(-) fructose, maltose & sucrose (saccharose)

ONPG & acid production from D(+) galactose are variable reactions.
Negative results for arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine decarboxylase, indole, glycerol, xylitol, L(+) arabinose, D(+)
xylose, dulcitol, meso-inositol, mannitol, D(-) sorbitol, D(+) mannose, L(+) rhamnose, L(-) sorbose, cellobiose, lactose, D(+)
melibiose, trehalose, raffinose, inulin, esculin, salicin, α-glucosidase (PNPG) & gas from D(+) glucose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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