Gallibacterium anatis
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pasteurellales, Family Pasteurellaceae, Genus Gallibacterium,  
Gallibacterium anatis (Mutters et al. 1985) Christensen et al. 2003.
Old synonym:
Pasteurella anatis Mutters et al. 1985,
Gram-negative, usually bipolar, nonmotile cocobacilli.
Circular, smooth, grayish-white with a diameter of 1.5-2.0 mm, nonhemolytic colonies.
No V-factor requirement.
Growth on MacConkey is variable.
Have been isolated from chickens infections and intestinal and respiratory tracts of ducks.
G. anatis and Gallibacterium genomospecies 1 are causes of salpingitis, peritonitis, and respiratory tract infections in chickens; have
not been isolated from infections in humans.
  1. R. Mutters, H. Christensen, M. Bisgaard, 2004. Genus I. Pasteurella. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second
    edition, Vol two, part B, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp. 857-866.
  2. W.M. Janda, R. Mutters, 2006. Pasteurella, Mannheimia, Actinobacillus, Eikenella, Kingella, Capnocytophaga, and other
    miscellaneous Gram-negative rods. In: Topley & Wilson’s Microbiology and Microbial Infections, 10 edition, Vol. 2, Bacteriology,
    Edward Arnold Ltd.
  3. J. G. Holt et al., 1994. Facultatively Anaerobic Gram-Negative Rods. Subgroup 3. Family Pasteurellaceae. In: Begey’s Manual of
    Determinative Bacteriology, 9th-edition, Williams & Wilkins, pp 194-196.
Positive results for catalase, nitrates reduction, alkaline phosphatase, gas production
from glucose, alpha-glucosidase, acid production from: glycerol, D(+) xylose, mannitol,
D(-) fructose, D(+) galactose, D(+) glucose, D(+)mannose, trehalose & sucrose.

Negative results for gelatinase, H
2S (TSI), Voges-Proskauer, urease, arginine dehydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine
decarboxylase, indole, xylitol, arabinose, dulcitol, meso-inositol D(-) sorbitol, L(-) fucose, L(+) rhamnose, L(-) sorbose, cellobiose,
maltose, D(+) melibiose, dextrin, inulin, esculin & salicin.

Variable results for oxidase, lactose, ONPG & acid production from: raffinose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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