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Moraxella pluranimalium
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Gammaproteobacteria, Order Pseudomonadales, Family Moraxellaceae, Genus Moraxella, Moraxella
pluranimalium
Vela et al. 2009.
Gram-negative cocci, 1.5–2.0 μm in diameter. Nonspore-forming.
Colonies are circular, nonpigmented, nonhaemolytic, smooth and entire on blood
agar after 48 h incubation at 37 ºC.
Strict aerobe. Growth occurs at 22
-37 ºC but not at 42, 15 or 4 ºC. Growth is enhanced
in 5
-10% CO2 on 5% sheep blood agar and chocolate agar, in Brain-heart infusion
broth containing 0.5 or 1.5% NaCl, but not with 5.0 or 6.5% NaCl. No growth on
MacConkey agar.
Isolated from pigs and a sheep.
Undetermined. The type strain was isolated from the nasal turbinate of an apparently healthy pig.
  1. A. I. Vela, E. Arroyo, V. Aragon, C. Sánchez-Porro, M. V. Latre, M. Cerda-Cuellar, A. Ventosa, L. Dominguez, and J. F. Fernandez-
    Garayzabal. Moraxella pluranimalium sp. nov., isolated from animal specimens. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol April 2009 59:671-674.
Positive results for catalase, esterase & oxidase. Assimilates glucose and malate.

Negative results for acetoin production, acid phosphatase, DN-ase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatin liquefaction, indole production, nitrates
reduction, urease, valine arylamidase, lipase (C14), cystine arylamidase, arginine dihydrolase, lysine decarboxylase, ornithine
decarboxylase, tryptophan deaminase, alpha-glucosidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase,
alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, alpha-mannosidase, alpha-fucosidase, alpha-chymotrypsin & trypsin. Acid is not produced
from D-glucose, D-mannitol, inositol, D-sorbitol, L-rhamnose, sucrose, melibiose, amygdalin & L-arabinose. Does not assimilate
citrate, phenyl acetate, L-arabinose, D-mannose, D-mannitol, N-acetyl-Dglucosamine, maltose, gluconate, caprate & adipate.

Variable results for alkaline phosphatase.