Phylum Proteobacteria, Class Epsilonproteobacteria, Order Campylobacterales, Family Helicobacteraceae, Genus Wolinella,
Wolinella succinogenes (Wolin et al. 1961) Tanner et al. 1981, type species of the genus.
Historical synonym: Vibrio succinogenes Wolin et al. 1961.
Gram-negative, helical, curved, or straight, unbranched cells, 0.5-1.0 x 2-6 μm, with
rounded or tapered ends. Nonsporulated. Rapid, darting motility is by means of a
single polar flagellum.
Colonies are pale yellow opaque to gray translucent with convex, pitting, and spreading
variants. Anaerobic; some strains can grow in the presence of 5% oxygen but not in air
enriched with 10% CO2. Grow at 42 ºC. Growth is stimulated in broth cultures by formate
and fumarate. Hydrogen and formate are used as energy sources. Formate is oxidized
to produce hydrogen and carbon dioxide. Fumarate is reduced to succinate.
Isolated from bovine rumens.
- Anne C. R. Tanner, Shirley Badger, C.-H. Lai, Max A. Listgarten, Roberta A. Visconti, and Sigmund S. Socransky. Wolinella gen.
nov., Wolinella succinogenes (Vibrio succinogenes Wolin et al.) comb. nov., and Description of Bacteroides gracilis sp. nov.,
Wolinella recta sp. nov., Campylobacter concisus sp. nov., and Eikenella corrodens from Humans with Periodontal Disease. Int J
Syst Bacteriol October 1981 31:432-445.
- George M. Garrity, Julia A. Bell and Timothy Lilburn, 2001. Family II. Helicobacteraceae. In: Bergey’s Manual of Systematic
Bacteriology, Second edition, Vol 2, part C, George M. Garrity (Editor-in-Chief), pp 1168-1195.
Positive results for nitrates and nitrites reduction, neutral red reduction, H2S production.
Negative results for catalase & oxidase. Lysine, ornithine, and arginine are not decarboxylated. Starch, dextran, esculin, casein, DNA,
and gelatin are not hydrolyzed. Hydrogen peroxide, urease, lecithanase, lipase, indole, ammonia, and acetylmethylcarbinol are not
(c) Costin Stoica