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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Erysipelotrichia, Order Erysipelothrichales, Family Erysipelotrichaceae, Genus Erysipelothrix, Erysipelothrix
larvae Bang et al. 2016.
Gram-positive long rods, 1.0-1.5 x 4.0-8.0 µm.  Nonspore-forming. Nonmotile.
Colonies are convex, circular, creamy white, 1-2 mm diameter after 3 days incubation
on TSA at 37 ºC. Facultatively anaerobic. Growth occurs with 0-3 % (w/v) NaCl
(optimum 0.5 %), at pH 6-9 (optimum pH 8) and at 20-40 ºC (optimum 37 ºC).
Isolated from larval midgut of rhinoceros beetle (Trypoxylus dichotomus) in South Korea.
Undetermined.
  1. Bang, B.-H., Rhee, M.-S., Chang, D.-H., Park, D.-S. and Kim, B.-C. 2016. Erratum to: Erysipelothrix larvae sp. nov., isolated from
    the larval gut of the rhinoceros beetle, Trypoxylus dichotomus (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae). Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 109, 167-
    168.
Positive results for esculin hydrolysis, gelatin hydrolysis, acid production (oxidation)
from: L-arabinose, D-fructose, L-fucose, D-galactose, D-galacturonic acid, D-mannose,
lactulose, D-melibiose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, D-tagatose, D-xylose, alpha-ketovaleric
acid, pyruvic acid, D-fructose-6-phosphate, D-glucose-6-phosphate, palatinose,
D-psicose, alpha-ketoglutaric acid, L-lactic acid, L-malic acid, pyruvic acid methyl ester & L-serine.

Negative results for catalase, oxidase, acid production (oxidation) from: amygdalin, D-arabitol, arbutin, D-cellobiose, D-gluconic acid,
glycerol, glycogen, inulin, m-inositol, alpha-D-lactose, maltose, maltotriose, D-mannitol, D-melezitose, alpha- and beta-methyl-D-
galactoside, alpha- and beta-methyl-D-glucoside, D-raffinose, salicin, D-sorbitol, sucrose, D-trehalose, xylitol, mannan, N-acetyl-beta-D-
mannosamine, Tween 40, Tween 80, alpha- and beta-cyclodextrin, acetic acid, beta-hydroxybutyric acid, gamma-hydroxybutyric acid, p-
hydroxyphenylacetic acid, D-malic acid, succinic acid mono-methyl ester, propionic acid, succinamic acid, succinic acid, N-acetyl-L
glutamic acid, D-alanine, L-alanine, L-alanylglycine, L-asparagine, L-glutamic acid, glycyl-LL-glutamic acid, L-pyroglutamic acid,
putrescine, 2,3-butanediol, 20-deoxy adenosine, inosine, thymidine, alpha-D-glucose-1-phosphate, D-L-a
lpha-glycerol phosphate,
gentiobiose, alpha D-glucose, 3-methyl-D-glucose, turanose, N-acetyl-D
-glucosamine, alpha-methyl-D-mannoside, alpha-
hydroxybutyric acid, lactamide, D-lactic acid methyl ester, alaninamide & adenosine.
Erysipelothrix larvae
(c) Costin Stoica
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