Vagococcus fessus
Taxonomy
Morphology
Cultural characteristics
Biochemical characters
Ecology
Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Enterococcaceae, Genus Vagococcus, Vagococcus fessus Hoyles et
al. 2000
.
Gram-positive cocci, occuring single or grouped in pairs or chains. Cells are
elongated in the direction of the chain.
Facultatively anaerobic. Colonies are alpha-haemolytic on blood agar. Temperature
range for growth on
TYSE broth: 10 ºC to 40 ºC.
Isolated from a dead seal and from a dead harbour porpoise.
Undetermined.
  1. Hoyles (L.), Lawson (P.A.), Foster (G.), Falsen (E.), Ohlen (M.), Grainger (J.M.) and Collins (M.D.): Vagococcus fessus sp. nov.,
    isolated from a seal and a harbour porpoise. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2000, 50, 1151-1154.
  2. Matthew D. Collins, 2009: Genus IV. Vagococcus CCollins, Ash, Farrow, Wallbanks and Williams 1990a, 212VP. In Bergey’s
    Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Three, Vos, P.D.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.; Ludwig, W.;
    Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (Eds.), pp 616-618.
  3. Killer, J., Svec, P., Sedlaccek, I., Cernohlavkova, J., Benada, O., Hroncova, Z., Havlik, J., Vlkova, E., Rada, V., Kopecny, J. and
    Kofronova, O. 2014. Vagococcus entomophilus sp. nov., from the digestive tract of a wasp (Vespula vulgaris). Int. J. Syst. Evol.
    Microbiol., 64, 731-737.
  4. Wang (L.), CUI (Y.S.), Kwon (C.S.), Lee (S.T.), Lee (J.S.) and Im (W.T.): Vagococcus acidifermentans sp. nov., isolated from an
    acidogenic fermentation bioreactor. Int. J. Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 2011, 61, 1123-1126.
Some results are based on  Rapid ID 32 Strep and API ZYM systems (bioMerieux).

Positive results for chymotrypsin, esterase C4 (weak), ester lipase C8 (weak), phosphoamidase (weak), pyroglutamic acid
arylamidase, leucine arylamidase, acid production from:
D-fructose, D-galactose (weak) & glucose (without gas).

Negative results for arginine dihydrolase, catalase, alanyl phenylalanine proline arylamidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, alpha-
fucosidase, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, alpha-galacturonidase, alpha-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase, hippurate hydrolysis,

gelatin hydrolysis,  indole production,
lipase C14, alpha- and beta-mannosidase, nitrate reduction, trypsin, valine arylamidase, Voges-
Proskauer test, acid production from: D- and L-arabitol, adonitol, amygdalin, arbutin, dulcitol, esculin, L-fucose,
glycerol, glycogen,
gentibiose, gluconate, inositol,
inulin, lactose, mannitol, mannose, melibiose, methyl beta-D-glucopyranoside, melezitose, pullulan,
D-raffinose,
L-rhamnose, D-ribose, salicin, sorbitol, starch, sucrose, tagatose, trehalose, xylitol, D- and L-xylose.

Variable results for alkaline phosphatase, cystine arylamidase, beta-glucosidase, glycyl tryptophan arylamidase,
urease, acid
production from arabinose, cyclodextrin & maltose.
(c) Costin Stoica
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