Taxonomy
Morphology
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Pathogenicity
References
Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Enterococcaceae, Genus Enterococcus, Enterococcus saccharolyticus  
(Farrow et al. 1985) Rodrigues and Collins 1991.
Historical synonym:
Streptococcus saccharolyticus  Farrow et al. 1985.
2 subspecies:
- Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. saccharolyticus Chen et al. 2013,
-
Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. taiwanensis Chen et al. 2013.
Gram-positive cocci, grouped in pairs or short chains. Nonmotile.
Colonies on trypticase-soy-yeast extract (TSY) and blood agar are circular, smooth,
nonpigmented and nonhemolytic. Strains do not survive at 60 ºC for 30 min.
Facultatively anaerobic. Growth occurs at 10 and 45 ºC (negative in Chen's paper).
Growth in broth containing 6.5% NaCl is variable (weak positive).
Subsp. saccharolyticus was isolated from cow feces and from straw bedding.
Subsp. taiwanensis was isolated from broccoli.
Unknown.
  1. Pavel Svec and  Luc A. Devriese, 2009: Genus I. Enterococcus (ex Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984,
    32VP in Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Three, Vos, P.D.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.;
    Ludwig, W.; Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (Eds.), pp 594-606.
  2. Chen, Y.-S., Lin, Y.-H., Pan, S.-F., Ji, S.-H., Chang, Y.-C., Yu, C.-R., Liou, M.-S., Wu, H.-C., Otoguro, M., Yanagida, F., Liao, C.-C.,
    Chiu, C.-M. and Huang, B.-Q. 2013. Enterococcus saccharolyticus subsp. taiwanensis subsp. nov., isolated from broccoli. Int. J.
    Syst. Evol. Microbiol., 63, 4691-4697.
Positive results for leucine arylamidase, alpha-galactosidase, beta-galactosidase, beta-glucuronidase, esculin hydrolysis, esterase
(C4), esterase lipase (C8), valine aminopeptidase, cystine aminopeptidase, chymotrypsin acid phosphatase, acid production from:
N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, arbutin, cellobiose, D-fructose, galactose, beta-gentiobiose, D-glucose, lactose, maltose, mannitol,
D-mannose, melibiose, alpha-methyl-D-glucoside, D-raffinose, salicin, sorbitol, starch, sucrose, trehalose & D-turanose.

Negative results for pyruvate utilization, alkaline phosphatase, arginine dehydrolase, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, acetoin production,
hippurate hydrolysis, acid production from: adonitol, D- or L-arabinose, L-arabitol, erythritol, D- or L-fucose, glycerol, glycogen, inositol,
5-ketogluconate, D-lyxose, alpha-methyl-D-mannoside, rhamnose, xylitol, D- and L-xylose.
Enterococcus saccharolyticus
(c) Costin Stoica
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Fermentation
Dulcitol
D-Tagatose
Gluconate
D-Arabitol
Melezitose
Ribose
Starch
Inulin
2-Ketogluconate
Subsp. saccharolyticus
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-
-
+
+
+*
+*
+*
+*
Subsp. taiwanensis
+
+
+
-
-
-
-
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Differential characters between Enterococcus saccharolyticus subspecies:
*negative results in Chen's paper.