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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Enterococcaceae, Genus Enterococcus, Enterococcus phoeniculicola  
Law-Brown and Meyers 2003.
Gram-positive cocci, nonspore-forming, grouped in pairs or short chain. Nonmotile.
Colonies are whitish-grey, circular and 0.5 mm in diameter when grown on nutrient
agar at 37 ºC for 16 h. Haemolysis is not produced on blood agar.
Facultatively anaerobic. Optimum growth occurs between 30 and 37 ºC and at pH 8.
Growth occurs in the presence of 3% NaCl. No growth in the presence of 6% NaCl,
40% bile or 10% ethanol.
Isolated from the uropygial (preen) gland of wild Red-billed Woodhoopoes (Phoeniculus purpureus), South Africa.
Unknown.
  1. Pavel Svec and  Luc A. Devriese, 2009: Genus I. Enterococcus (ex Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984,
    32VP in Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Three, Vos, P.D.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.;
    Ludwig, W.; Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (Eds.), pp 594-606.
  2. Janette Law-Brown andPaul R. Meyers. Enterococcus phoeniculicola sp. nov., a novel member of the enterococci isolated from
    the uropygial gland of the Red-billed Woodhoopoe, Phoeniculus purpureus. Int J Syst Evol Microbiol May 2003 53:683-685.
Positive results for acid production from: from: L-arabinose, D-cellobiose, cyclodextrin,
D-fructose, D-glucose, maltose, D-mannose, L-rhamnose, D-ribose, salicin, sucrose,
trehalose & D-xylose. Acid production is delayed (48 h) from: dulcitol, glycerol, meso-inositol, lactose, mannitol, sorbitol & sorbose.

Negative results for catalase, oxidase, gelatin liquefaction, nitrate reduction, H
2S production, Voges-Proskauer reaction, pyruvate
utilization, indole production, casein hydrolysis, Tween 80 hydrolysis, starch hydrolysis, hippurate hydrolysis, DNA hydrolysis, arginine
dihydrolase, acid production from: D-galactose, inulin, D-melezitose, D-melibiose, raffinose & sodium succinate.
Enterococcus phoeniculicola
(c) Costin Stoica
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