Taxonomy
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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Enterococcaceae, Genus Enterococcus, Enterococcus mundtii  
Collins et al. 1986. Lancefield group D.
Gram-positive, ovoid cells, grouped mostly in pairs or short chain. Nonmotile.
Colonies on blood agar or nutrient agar are circular, smooth, and entire. A yellow
pigment is produced. Nonhemolytic. Growth occurs at 10 and 45 ºC, in 6.5% NaCl,
and at pH 9.6. Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from cows, the hands of milkers, plants and soil.
Unknown.
  1. Pavel Svec and  Luc A. Devriese, 2009: Genus I. Enterococcus (ex Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984,
    32VP in Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Three, Vos, P.D.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.;
    Ludwig, W.; Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (Eds.), pp 594-606.
  2. Matthew D. Collins, John A. E. Farrow & Dorothy Jones. Enterococcus mundtii sp. nov. Int J Syst Bacteriol January 1986 36:8-12.
Positive results for Voges-Proskauer test, esculin hydrolysis, arginine dihydrolase,
beta-galactosidase, leucine arylamidase, pyrolidonylarylamidase, acid production
from N-acetylglucosamine, amygdalin, L-arabinose, arbutin, cellobiose, D-fructose,
galactose, beta-gentiobiose, lactose, maltose, D-mannose, mannitol, melibiose,
ribose, salicin, sucrose, trehalose, D-xylose, alpha-methyl-D-mannoside, D-
raffinose & rhamnose.

Negative results for catalase, alkaline phosphatase, acid production from: adonitol, D-arabinose, D- or L-arabitol, dulcitol, erythritol,
D- or L-fucose, glycogen, gluconate, inositol, 2-keto-gluconate, 5-keto-gluconate, D-lyxose, melezitose, alpha-methyl-D-glucoside,
alpha-methyl-xyloside, L-sorbose, D-tagatose, D-turanose, xylitol & L-xylose.

Variable results for alpha-galactosidase, acid production from glycerol, sorbitol & starch.
Enterococcus mundtii
(c) Costin Stoica
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