Taxonomy
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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Enterococcaceae, Genus Enterococcus, Enterococcus malodoratus  
(ex Pette 1955) Collins et al. 1984. Lancefield group D.
Old synonym:
Streptococcus faecalis subsp. malodoratus  Pette 1955.
Gram-positive, coccoid cells, grouped mostly in pairs or short chain. Non-motile.
Colonies on blood agar or nutrient agar are circular, smooth, and entire. The type
strain does not grow at 45 ºC or survive heating at 60 ºC for 30 min. Nonpigmented.
Some strains produce slime.
Isolated from Gouda cheese.
Unknown.
  1. Pavel Svec and  Luc A. Devriese, 2009: Genus I. Enterococcus (ex Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984,
    32VP in Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Three, Vos, P.D.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.;
    Ludwig, W.; Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (Eds.), pp 594-606.
  2. M. D. Collins, D. Jones, J. A. E. Farrow, R. Kilpper-Balz, and K. H. Schleifer. Enterococcus avium nom. rev., comb. nov.; E.
    casseliflavus nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. durans nom. rev., comb. nov.; E. gallinarum comb. nov.; and E. malodoratus sp. nov. Int J
    Syst Bacteriol April 1984 34:220-223.
Biochemically close to Enterococcus avium.
Positive results for hydrolysis of esculin, alpha-galactosidase (negative for
E. avium),
H
2S production, beta-galactosidase, acid production from: adonitol, D- or L-arabitol,
dulcitol, galactose, gluconate, 2-keto-gluconate, maltose, mannitol, melibiose, alpha-methyl-D-mannoside, D-raffinose, rhamnose,
sorbitol,  L-sorbose, sucrose, D-tagatose, trehalose & xylitol.

Negative results for hippurate hydrolysis, arginine dihydrolase, beta-glucuronidase, Voges-Proskauer test, acid production from: L-
arabinose, glycogen, inositol, inulin, 5-Keto-gluconate, D-lyxose, melezitose, alpha-Methyl-D-glucoside & starch.

Variable results for acid production from: glycerol D-turanose, D- or L-xylose.
Enterococcus malodoratus
(c) Costin Stoica
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