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Phylum Firmicutes, Class Bacilli, Order Lactobacillales, Family Enterococcaceae, Genus Enterococcus, Enterococcus columbae  
Devriese, Ceyssens, Rodrigues & Collins 1993.
Gram positive cocci, sometimes motile.
Carboxiphilic - prefers an increased CO2 content in atmosphere. No growth on
Slanetz-Bartley medium. Variable growth in 6.5% NaCl.
Grows on bile esculin agar in 3-10% CO
2 in air but not in the normal atmosphere.
Isolated from the intestinal flora of domestic pigeons, rarely isolated from water.
Unknown (none).
  1. Pavel Svec and  Luc A. Devriese, 2009: Genus I. Enterococcus (ex Thiercelin and Jouhaud 1903) Schleifer and Kilpper-Bälz 1984,
    32VP in Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Three, Vos, P.D.; Garrity, G.; Jones, D.; Krieg, N.R.;
    Ludwig, W.; Rainey, F.A.; Schleifer, K.-H.; Whitman, W.B. (Eds.), pp 594-606.
Positive results for pyruvate utilization, acetoin production, alpha-galactosidase,
hydrolysis of esculin, hydrolysis of starch, acid production from: inulin, arbutin,
cellobiose, D-fructose, galactose, beta-gentibiose, D-glucose, maltose, mannose,
melibiose, alpha-methyl-D-glucoside, D-raffinose, sucrose & D-xylose.

Negative results for arginine dehydrolase, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase, beta-glucuronidase, hippurate hydrolysis, acid production from:
adonitol, L-sorbose, amygdalin, dulcitol, erythritol, fucose, gluconate, glycerol, inositol, 5-ketogluconate, D-lyxose, alpha-methyl-D-
mannoside & L-xylose.

Variable results for alkaline phosphatase, leucine arylamidase, beta-galactosidase, acid production from: D-arabitol, melezitose,
amygdalin, L-arabinose, L-arabitol, glycogen, 2-keto-gluconate, lactose, mannitol, rhamnose, sorbitol, starch, D-tagatose, D-turanose,
trehalose & xylitol.
Enterococcus columbae
(c) Costin Stoica
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