Taxonomy
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Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterinae, Family
Corynebacteriaceae, Genus Corynebacterium,
Corynebacterium renale (Migula 1900) Ernst 1906.

Historical synonyms:
Bacillus pyelonephritidis boum Höflich 1891, Bacillus pyelonephritidis bovis Lucet 1893, Bacterium renale
Migula 1900,
Bacillus pyelonephritis bovis Künnemann 1903, Bacillus renalis (Migula 1900) Künnemann 1903, Bacillus
pyelonephritidis
Glage 1903, Corynebacterium ovale Welsch and Thibaut 1948, Mycobacterium renale (Migula 1900) Krasil'nikov
1949.
A rather large irregularly staining bacillus, 0.7-3.0 µm. Metachromatic granules are
present. Fimbriae are present. Nonmotile.
Dry, granular, cream to pale yellow colonies on nutrient or blood agar; growth not
improved by blood, but yellow pigment may be more marked. Hemolysis is not
produced. CAMP reaction is positive. Aerobic, facultative anaerobic.
Isolated from cases of cystitis and pyelonephritis in cattle.
Pathogenic, causes pyelitis and cystitis in experimental animals and cattle.
  1. Funke G., von Graevenitz A., Clarridge III J.E., and Bernard K.A., 1997. Clinical Microbiology of Coryneform Bacteria. Clinical
    Microbiology Rewiews Vol. 10, No. 1, p. 125-159.
  2. Cummins C.S., Lelliott R.A. and Rogosa M., 1975. Genus Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896. In: Buchanan R.E. and
    Gibbons N.E. (Editors), Bergey’s Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Eight Edition, The Williams & Wilkins Company, Baltimore,
    602-617.
  3. Holt J.G., Krieg N.R., Sneath P.H.A., Staley J.T. and Williams S.T., 1994. Bergey's Manual of Determinative Bacteriology, Ninth
    Edition, Williams & Wilkins, A Waverly Company, Baltimore, pp 571-596.
Fermentative metabolism.

Positive results for casein hydrolysis, hippurate hydrolysis, pyrazinamidase, urease,
Voges-Proskauer, acid production from: dextrin, fructose, glucose & mannose.

Negative results for alkaline phosphatase, esculin hydrolysis, gelatinase, lipophilism, methyl red, nitrate reduction, tyrosine
hydrolysis, acid production from: arabinose, galactose, lactose, maltose, mannitol, raffinose, rhamnose, salicin, starch, sucrose &
xylose.

Variable results for acid production from trehalose.
Corynebacterium renale
(c) Costin Stoica
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