Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria, Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterinae, Family
Corynebacteriaceae, Genus Corynebacterium, Corynebacterium pilbarense Aravena-Roman, Sproer, Straubler, Inglis and Yassin
Species description is based on a single isolate.
Gram-positive pleomorphic to short rods. Non-motile. Non-spore-forming. Mycolic
acids are present. Tuberculostearic acid is not produced.
Colonies on sheep blood Columbia agar are creamy and 0.5-2.0 mm in diameter
after 24 h at 37 ºC. Non-haemolytic. Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from an anaerobic Bactec vial inoculated with an ankle aspirate from a 54- year-old man, probably with gout (urate crystals
present in the joint fluid) in Pilbara, West Australia.
Isolated from an ankle aspirate from a 54- year-old man, probably with gout (urate crystals present in the joint fluid).
- Aravena-Roman M., Sproer C., Straubler B., Inglis T. and Yassin A.F., 2010. Corynebacterium pilbarense sp. nov., a non-lipophilic
corynebacterium isolated from a human ankle aspirate. IJSEM 60, 1484-1487.
- Bernard K.A. and Funke G., 2012. Genus I. Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, emend. Bernard, Wiebe, Burdz,
Reimer, Ng, Singh, Schindle and Pacheco 2010, in: Goodfellow M., Kampfer P., Busse H.J., Trujillo M.E., Suzuki K.I., Ludwig W.
and Whitman W.B. (Editors) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Five, The Actinobacteria, Part A,
Description is based on API CORYNE (6100305), API 20 Strep and API ZYM results.
Positive results for acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, leucine arylamidase, pyrazinamidase, pyrrolidonyl arylamidase,
acid production from: glucose, sucrose & ribose.
Negative results for aesculin hydrolysis, arginine dihydrolase, alpha-chymotrypsin, cystine arylamidase, esterase (C4), esterase lipase
(C8), alpha-fucosidase, gelatin hydrolysis, alpha- and beta-galactosidase, alpha- and beta-glucosidase, beta-glucuronidase,
N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, hippurate hydrolysis, lipase, lipophilism, alpha-mannosidase, nitrate reduction, oxidase, trypsin,
urease, valine arylamidase, Voges-Proskauer reaction, acid production from: arabinose, glycogen, inulin, lactose, maltose, mannitol,
raffinose, sorbitol, trehalose & xylose.
(c) Costin Stoica