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Phylum Actinobacteria, Class Actinobacteria , Subclass Actibacteridae, Order Actynomycetales, Suborder Corynebacterinae, Family
Corynebacteriaceae, Genus Corynebacterium,
Corynebacterium phocae Pascual, Foster, Alvarez and Collins 1998.
Gram-positive short diphteroids rods. Non-motile. Non-spore-forming. Mycolic acids
are present. Tuberculostearic acid is not produced.
Colonies on sheep blood Columbia agar after 24 h incubation at 37 ºC are convex,
slightly glistening and the diameter is 1 mm. Facultatively anaerobic.
Isolated from nasal cavities of common seals (Phoca vitulina).
Undetermined.
  1. Pascual C., Foster G., Alvarez N. and Collins M.D., 1998. Corynebacterium phocae sp.nov., isolated from the common seal
    (Phoca vitulina). IJSB 48, 601-604.
  2. Bernard K.A. and Funke G., 2012. Genus I. Corynebacterium Lehmann and Neumann 1896, emend. Bernard, Wiebe, Burdz,
    Reimer, Ng, Singh, Schindle and Pacheco 2010, in: Goodfellow M., Kämpfer P., Busse H.J., Trujillo M.E., Suzuki K.I., Ludwig W.
    and Whitman W.B. (Editors) Bergey’s Manual of Systematic Bacteriology, Second Edition, Volume Five, The Actinobacteria, Part A,
    pp 245-289.
Description is based on API CORYNE, API 50CH and API ZYM results.
Fermentative metabolism.

Positive results for acid phosphatase, alkaline phosphatase, catalase, esterase-lipase
(C8), alpha-glucosidase, pyrazinamidase, acid production from: glucose, maltose &
mannose.

Negative results for aesculin hydrolysis, esterase (C4), gelatin hydrolysis,  alpha- and beta-galactosidase, beta-glucosidase,
beta-glucuronidase, N-acetyl-beta-glucosaminidase, lipase (C14), lipophilism, nitrate reduction, trypsin, chymotrypsin, cystine
arylamidase, valine arylamidase, acid production from: adonitol, amygdalin, arabinose, arabitol, arbutin, cellobiose, dulcitol, erythritol,
fructose, fucose, gluconate, 2-ketogluconate, glycerol, glycogen, beta-gentiobiose, inositol, inulin, lyxose, mannitol, melibiose, methyl
alpha-D-glucoside, rhamnose, salicin, sorbitol, sorbose, starch, tagatose, trehalose, turanose, xylitol & xylose.

Variable results for leucine arylamidase, urease, acid production from: galactose, N-acetylglucosamine, lactose, raffinose & sucrose.
Corynebacterium phocae
(c) Costin Stoica
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